A massive 8.9 magnitude earthquake and tsunami struck the northeast coast of Japan on Friday, the strongest quake in Japan since records began, causing widespread destruction and probably killing at least 1,300 people.
Here is the impact on manufacturers, energy firms and other companies with facilities in northeastern Japan.
- Sony Corp said it had suspended operations at six production facilities in the affected area. One factory was flooded, while the other five did not suffer major damage, the company said.
- Nissan Motor Co said it had halted production at all four of its car assembly factories in Japan, including those in severely hit Tochigi and Fukushima prefectures. Small fires broke out at two of the factories.
- Toyota Motor Co said it had halted production at two factories with combined annual capacity of 420,000 small cars built mainly for overseas markets.
- Honda Motor Co said a 43-year-old male employee had died at its R&D centre in Tochigi prefecture after a wall collapsed in the canteen, while about 30 people were injured. It said four of its domestic plants and a research and development center will remain shuttered on Monday.
- Fuji Heavy Industries Ltd said it had halted eight of its 10 factories, including all five car and car parts-related plants for its Subaru-brand vehicles in Gunma prefecture, north of Tokyo. It also suspended operations at its aircraft and power products factories in Tochigi.
- Kirin Holdings said four large beer tanks had collapsed and some of the contents had been washed away at a factory in Sendai. Operations were also suspended at its factory in Ibaraki after part of the facility was damaged.
Other companies said they had halted operations of their plants in the region as workers were evacuated following tsunami warnings or due to power outages. They include Asahi Kasei Corp , GlaxoSmithKline , JSR , Nestle , Nippon Paper Group , Sapporo Breweries Ltd and Morinaga Milk Industry .
- The government said there had been an explosion at Tokyo Electric Power Co's Fukushima nuclear plant, some 240 km (150 miles) north of Tokyo, but it had not yet confirmed whether the explosion was at a reactor.
TEPCO has been working to reduce pressure in the core of the reactor of the plant damaged by the quake. The outer structure of the building that houses the reactor appeared to have blown off, TV footage showed, which could suggest the containment building had already been breached. Tens of thousands of residents have already been evacuated from the vicinity.
- TEPCO also said it foresaw a power shortage of 7 million KW on Sunday and 10 million KW on weekdays, and would consider asking customers to accept outages in turns from Sunday.
- Electric Power Development (J-Power) has halted operations at its Isogo thermal plant in Yokohama, Jiji news reported.
- Tokyo Gas Co said it has stopped supplying gas to more than 35,000 households and facilities in the Kanto area in eastern Japan.
- Cosmo Oil said a fire had broken out from near an LPG tank at its Chiba refinery and was not yet extinguished.
- JX Holdings said a fire at its Sendai refinery had originated from a land oil product shipping facility nearby, not an LPG tank as feared earlier.
- Maruzen said it had shut two naphtha crackers at its Chiba plant with capacities of 480,000 and 690,000 tonnes of ethylene per year, respectively.
- Kyokuto Petroleum said it had shut its 175,000 barrels per day (bpd) Chiba refinery.
- JX Holdings said it was working to shut its 404,000 tonnes per year Kawasaki naphtha cracker near Tokyo.
- Tonengeneral said it had shut the main units at its 335,000-bpd Kawasaki refinery near Tokyo.
- Mitsubishi Chemical said it had halted two naphtha crackers at its Kashima plant after a power outage.
- AOC Holdings said its 140,000-bpd Sodegaura refinery was still operating but it had cut runs of two fluid catalytic cracking units.
- Sumitomo Metal Industries said it had suspended operations at its Kashima steel mill's two blast furnaces after a fire broke out at the plant.
- JFE Steel said it had temporarily suspended operations at two blast furnaces at its Higashi Nihon plant near Tokyo for checks. Nippon Steel Corp said it was checking on its facilities.
- Pan Pacific Copper said it had halted operations at its Hitachi refinery due to a power outage.
- Mitsui Mining said it had halted operations at its Hachinohe Zinc smelter, and all employees were evacuated.
- Mitsubishi Material said operations at its Onahama copper smelter were suspended due to a power outage.