US - Facebook Inc bounced back from record lows in frenetic trading on Thursday to finish in positive territory for the first time in four days, lifted in late trade by a US market rebound and a brokerage upgrade.
Facebook, the No. 1 Internet social network and first US company to debut with a capitalization of more than US$100 billion(S$129 billion), rose 5 per cent to close at US$29.60. Options volume skyrocketed with bets ranging from a sharp rebound to a sustained selloff, promising more volatility to come.
Facebook remains 22 per cent below its US$38 IPO price, walloped by doubts about its lofty valuation and ability to sustain the rapid growth that has made it a business and cultural phenomenon.
On Thursday, Pivotal Research analyst Brian Wiesner - among the first to slap a "sell" rating on the stock - upgraded the shares to hold, arguing that the current price incorporated much of the inherent risk in Facebook's business.
"Short-term we are still cautious but there should be reasons for optimism later this year and next," said Wiesner, who put a sell on the stock when Facebook first priced its IPO.
Wall Street remains concerned that Facebook, while boasting nearly a billion users worldwide and dominating Internet social networking, will have difficulty translating its growing presence on smartphones and other mobile devices into revenue.
Analysts say wringing profits from smartphone users is crucial to long-term growth, particularly with rivals Google Inc and Apple Inc dominating the mobile arena.
The current weakness "feels a lot like it's macro-driven as much as anything," Wieser said.
By late 2012, "Facebook will by then have cycled through difficult comps and investors can better focus on the fundamental growth story."
US stocks fell on Thursday. The S&P 500 ended May with its largest monthly drop since September, as investors focused on European credit problems.
Before their late bounce, Facebook shares had sunk to a record low of US$26.83, representing a loss of about US$30 billion in market value since a botched May 18 initial public offering.
Earlier on Thursday, S&P Capital IQ cut its target on the stock to US$27 from US$30 and maintained a "sell" rating. The company debuted at US$38.
Facebook's US$16 billion IPO punctuated years of breakneck growth for a social network born eight years ago in Mark Zuckerberg's Harvard dorm room. But the offering was plagued with problems.
A software error on Nasdaq OMX Group Inc's US exchange delayed the start of trade by 30 minutes.
Then, claims of selective disclosure about slowing growth in the days leading up to the IPO engulfed the company in controversy, as did perceptions among some investors that the stock was overpriced coming out the gate.