INDONESIA - At least 37 cases of violence against journalists occurred throughout last year, with 11 of the violent attacks committed by police officers, according to the Alliance of Independent Journalists (AJI).
AJI advocacy division head Iman Nugroho said that following the findings, the alliance had named the police the "common enemy" of press freedom.
Six cases involved violence conducted by unknown persons, four by security guards, four by crowds and four by other parties.
"Among [the other parties] are street thugs and university students," Iman said on Sunday as quoted by tempo.co during an event commemorating World Press Freedom Day at Menteng Park in Central Jakarta.
The event, which was attended by dozens of AJI journalists, also saw the presence of Tempo weekly chief editor Arif Zulkifli and Jakarta Legal Aid Institute (LBH Jakarta) representative Muhammad Isnur.
Cases of violence against journalists implicating the police have continued to occur in spite of the 1999 Press Law and a 2011 memorandum of understanding (MoU) between the National Police and the Press Council.