Abe plans to rewrite pacifist Constitution

Abe plans to rewrite pacifist Constitution

JAPAN - Since he took the helm in Japan for a second time on Dec 26, 2012, hawkish Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has been paving the way for Japan to "escape from the postwar regime".

For him, postwar Japan is a legacy of the US occupation that has deprived the country of national pride and weakened its traditional mores.

He has a vision of a "beautiful" Japan and keeps his conservative master plan up his sleeve.

It is no secret that Abe is at heart a right-wing nationalist. Throughout his political career, he has called for the overturning of Japan's postwar pacifist Constitution.

But it is a hard nut to crack.

In the first year of his second premiership, he tried hard to change Japan without changing the Constitution.

He has emphasised security while putting Japan on a package of Abenomics - a mix of reflation, government spending and a growth strategy designed to jolt the economy out of the suspended animation that has gripped it for more than two decades.

Some Japanese analysts take his Abenomics as an approach that, in reality, is about national security. In their words, only a wealthy Japan can defend itself.

His government's first defence white paper, released in July, heralded a significant departure from the past in tone and substance. Gone is the assertion from the previous report that "peace can be secured by making diplomatic and other efforts comprehensively along with defence capabilities".

Recently, he centralized all military decision-making in a new US-style National Security Council that comes directly under the prime minister's office.

On Dec 17, the Abe Cabinet approved Japan's first ever national security strategy, on which the new national defence programme guidelines and the new mid-term defence procurement plan are based. Those two documents were also adopted.

The Japanese prime minister has spoken of the need to "stand up to China", which has been presented as a present and future threat that Japan will have to address.

Japan has a military - a large and modern one. But the Abe Cabinet announced its new plan to increase defence spending by 5 per cent over the next five years and transform the country's so-called self-defence forces into a full-fledged military.

Abe has sketched out a doctrine of geopolitical rebranding for Japan. Aiming to make Japan a world military power, he pledges that his country will "contribute proactively to global peace".

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