TOKYO - Nationalistic prime minister Shinzo Abe is expected Thursday to set out his case for beefing up pacifist Japan's rules of engagement, in a controversial move he hopes will allow its armed forces to enter battle in defence of allies.
Citing the rise of an increasingly assertive China, Abe is set to argue that Japan needs to cast off strictures that have prevented the so-called Self Defence Forces from firing a shot in combat since 1945.
Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga said the premier will speak about "what we need for securing the nation's safety, as well as people's lives and property".
"(Abe) has been thinking of whether the status quo should remain in times that have dramatically changed and when the security environment surrounding our country has altered," Suga told reporters.
The prime minister has long nurtured a desire to see more flexibility in Japan's pacifist constitution, which was imposed by the occupying United States in the aftermath of Tokyo's World War II defeat.
Article 9 of the document - which has reportedly been nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize - says Japan forever renounces the use of force as a means of settling international disputes.
For decades, governments have held that this means Japan's military may only open fire if fired upon, even if that entails leaving US counterparts in danger on the same battlefield.
Unable to change the constitution because of deep domestic resistance, Abe has argued for the next-best thing: a reinterpretation of the laws to permit "collective defence".
A panel of constitutional experts convened by the prime minister has come up with a series of proposals on the legal framework for military action, which Abe is expected to use to bolster his case.