China security chief's fall cements Xi's grip on power: analysts

China security chief's fall cements Xi's grip on power: analysts
China's President Xi Jinping walks next to an honour guard during a welcoming ceremony outside the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, in this August 26, 2013 file photo.

BEIJING - China's Xi Jinping is emerging as the country's most powerful leader in decades, analysts said, after the declaration of a probe into the country's former security chief, as state media Wednesday hailed the groundbreaking move.

Zhou Yongkang wielded control of China's police, courts, jails and domestic surveillance until his retirement from the elite Politburo Standing Committee (PSC) in 2012.

But the ruling Communist Party's internal watchdog finally made public its long-rumoured investigation into him on Tuesday.

By taking down Zhou, Xi breaks a decades-old unwritten taboo against punishing current and former members of the party's innermost circle - a move experts say suggests a leader on track to amass more power than those of recent decades.

Less than two years after taking office, Xi was "very well entrenched", said Willy Lam, an expert on Chinese politics at the Chinese University of Hong Kong. "For the rest of his eight-year term I think he will become the strong man, he will become likely much more powerful than his predecessors." As well as the standard offices of a Chinese leader - head of the ruling party, the government and the military - Xi has placed himself at the head of several committees previously led by other figures, and a new and much-touted national security committee.

He has done so while navigating his way through the faction-ridden upper echelons of the ruling party.

The Zhou probe "demonstrates that he has managed to overcome various types of resistance and he has been concentrating power in his hands", said Joseph Cheng, professor of political science at City University of Hong Kong.

"In contrast to Hu Jintao, his predecessor, he is not a first among equals and he has been gradually emerging as the most powerful leader in China." Analysts see Zhou's takedown as part of an effort by Xi and his allies to root out those who might challenge their hold on power.

Among Zhou's proteges was Bo Xilai, the ambitious and charismatic politician whose spectacular fall from grace two years ago came after he became viewed as a threat to the ruling elite.

No longer a comrade

China's state-run newspapers, barred for months from making even oblique references to Zhou, on Wednesday blasted news of the probe across their front pages, with one featuring a large picture of a tiger - a nod to Xi's pledge to root out high-ranking "tigers" as well as low-level "flies" in his much-publicised anti-graft sweep.

"This is the highest-ranking official ever to be probed since China's founding," proclaimed the Communist Party's mouthpiece newspaper, the People's Daily.

Zhou, the influential daily added, "is no longer a comrade".

Some analysts see Xi as intent on amassing more power than anyone since Mao Zedong, the founding father of the Communist Party.

Xi has been promoted in China's state-run media more than any other leader since Mao, according to University of Hong Kong researchers.

The People's Daily mentioned Xi by name on its front page 1,311 times during his first 18 months in power, their study found, compared to 1,411 times for Mao during the 18 months after the 9th party congress in 1969.

Xi "would like to be another Mao Zedong, but I think it's very risky, because he's not another Mao Zedong", said Perry Link, a professor at the University of California, Riverside, and a renowned China scholar.

"He's kind of trapped in his own rhetoric," Link said. "If he backs down (on the anti-corruption campaign), one can be sure, I think, that his rivals will pounce on his backing down."

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