China confirmed an agreement to sell the HQ-9 air defence missile system to Turkey on Tuesday, during the Langkawi International Maritime and Aerospace exhibition in Malaysia.
A representative of China National Precision Machinery Import & Export Corporation said it was well-known that the Chinese FD-2000 system, a HQ-9 model for export, was chosen for the contract with Turkey in 2013.
The representative said in an interview with China Central Television that the FD-2000 is one of the most important products the corporation brought to the LIMA, Asia's largest defence and security exhibition.
Besides the FD-2000, Chinese military industry businesses also brought the F-22P frigate and LPD dock landing ship to the exhibition.
When Turkey chose the China National Precision Machinery Import & Export Corporation to co-produce a US$4 billion (S$5.51 billion) long-range air and missile defence system in September 2013, China sold air defence weapons to a NATO member for the first time.
According to a report from CCTV's website, the winning Chinese FD-2000 system beat the US Patriot, the Russian S-400 and the French-Italian Eurosam Samp-T.
Turkish analysts said their choice of a Chinese firm was for technological reasons as well as cost effectiveness. The contract enables Turkey to have its own long-range missile defence system for the first time, according to CCTV.
After Turkey announced the decision to award the contract to China on Sept 26, NATO Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen said a few days later that he expected Turkey to choose a system that was compatible with those of other allies, according to the Xinhua News Agency.
The United States expressed serious concerns to Turkey, saying the Chinese missile defence system would not work with NATO systems, Xinhua reported.
Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying expressed hope that the parties involved will view the normal military trade between China and Turkey in an objective light and not politicize standard commercial competition.
The Chinese government has all along adopted a prudent and responsible attitude toward military trade co-operation with foreign countries, she said.