After two days of recapitulation from polling stations, recapitulation documents scanned and uploaded on the General Elections Commission's (KPU) website have shown several tally irregularities.
Recapitulation documents, also known as C1 forms, with empty numbers of votes for both the Prabowo Subianto-Hatta Rajasa and Joko Widodo-Jusuf Kalla presidential tickets, have shown up at polling stations in Selabatu subdistrict (Sukabumi, West Java), Meruya Selatan (West Jakarta) and Bunyu Barat (Bulungan, East Kalimantan).
False sums occurred at polling stations in Parang Tambung (Makassar), Kelapa Dua (Tangerang, Banten ), Sumur Batu (Central Jakarta) and Rawasari (Central Jakarta).
The irregular documents were retrieved from pilpres2014.kpu.go.id/c1.php and compiled on 1yanganeh.tumblr.com.
People's Synergy for Democracy in Indonesia (Sigma) director Said Salahuddin said on Friday that while the KPU had set up a vote tally system to ensure that the recapitulation was free from any vote rigging, the process was still full of loopholes.
"The system is relatively secure. Now it is only a matter of the quality of the election organizers - how they make this process transparent and involve the public," he told The Jakarta Post.
Salahuddin pointed out that some election witnesses did not have enough knowledge about how to properly monitor the vote tallying.
"Oftentimes they only take notes on the result of the vote count.
But they actually need to have the ability to raise objections through the provided forms," he said.
Partnership for Government Reform (Kemitraan) election specialist Wahidah Suaib also said that election witnesses were not adequately prepared.
"They don't understand the rules. Once they do file a protest, the protest is often baseless," the former Elections Supervisory Agency (Bawaslu) member said.
Due to the lack of qualified election witnesses, Salahuddin urged the public to keep a close eye on the recapitulation process.
"There needs to be more significant public participation, especially during the vote tabulation at the lower administrative levels," he said.
Salahuddin explained that, while common folk did not have the right to state their complaints or findings during the meeting of the vote tallying process, they could inform election witnesses or election observers.
The public's participation was also limited by technical difficulties, such as the inability of the KPU to upload all C1 forms to its website and the lack of space in rooms during the vote count, he added.
Responding to the criticism, KPU commissioner Ida Budhiati said that the election organizer had improved its vote-counting procedures based on its experiences during the legislative election, such as by temporarily dismissing unruly officers and coordinating with the regency-level Elections Supervisory Committees (Panwaslu).
The official vote count started at each polling station during voting day on Wednesday.
From July 10 to 12, the Subdistrict Polling Committees (PPSs) will be responsible for reviewing the vote count at the subdistrict level before the District Polling Committees (PPKs) review the count again from July 13 to 15.
The next recapitulation at the regency and city level will take place on July 16 and 17 before the Provincial General Elections Commissions (KPUDs) review the votes on July 18 and 19.
The KPU is scheduled to oversee a final recapitulation of votes from July 20 to 22.