Fukushima's wall of ice

Fukushima's wall of ice
A Tokyo Electric Power Co. (TEPCO) worker (2nd L) explains the situation of the crippled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant to journalists in Fukushima.

JAPAN - The plant was crippled by the 2011 earthquake and tsunami.

The disaster knocked out cooling systems to the reactors, three of which melted down.

Now, with an estimated 400 tonnes of groundwater flowing from the mountainside to the damaged Fukushima reactor basements daily, Japan is to invest hundreds of millions of dollars into building a frozen wall around the nuclear plant to stop radioactive water from leaking.

Water is now being pumped in to cool the reactors, but storing the resultant large quantities of radioactive water has proved a challenge for plant operator Tokyo Electric Power Company (Tepco).

Under the government plan, estimated at 47-billion yen (S$604m), a wall of frozen earth will be built around the reactors, using pipes filled with coolant to prevent groundwater from coming into contact with contaminated water used to cool fuel rods.

Damage to the plant has necessitated the constant pumping of water to cool the reactors - a process which creates an extra 400 tonnes of contaminated water every day.

That water is being stored in temporary tanks at the site.

In August, Tepco said 300 tonnes of highly radioactive water had leaked from one of the tanks, in the most serious incident to date.

Meanwhile Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe on Sept 19 ordered Tepco to work out a schedule for stemming radioactive leaks, as he toured the facility.

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