MAZAR-I-SHARIF, Afghanistan: Explosions and gunfire rang out on Sunday (Jan 3) as militants attempted to storm the Indian diplomatic mission in the Afghan city of Mazar-i-Sharif, a day after a deadly raid on an Indian air base near the Pakistan border.
The attacks threaten to derail Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi's bold diplomatic outreach to arch-rival Pakistan following his first official visit to Afghanistan.
No group has so far claimed responsibility for the raid on the consulate in the northern Afghan city, the latest assault on an Indian installation in the country.
"We are being attacked," an Indian consulate official told AFP by telephone from inside the heavily-guarded compound. "Fighting is still going on." The official, who was hunkered down in a secure area within the complex, said all consulate employees were safe and accounted for.
Assailants holed up in a building close to the consulate traded heavy fire with Afghan forces who cordoned off the street following a series of explosions, officials said.
"The area is completely blocked by our forces," said Shir Jan Durrani, a police spokesman in Mazar-i-Sharif, the capital of the relatively tranquil province of Balkh. "We are cautiously conducting our clearance operation to avoid any civilian casualties."
Vikas Swarup, an Indian foreign ministry spokesman, told AFP that no Indian casualties had been reported so far.
The attack comes just a day after suspected Islamic insurgents mounted a deadly assault on an Indian air force base near the Pakistan border. Seven soldiers and six attackers were confirmed killed in the assault on the Pathankot base in the northern state of Punjab, which triggered a 14-hour gun battle Saturday.
Security officials suspect the gunmen belong to the Pakistan-based Jaish-e-Mohammed, the group that staged the 2001 attack on the Indian parliament which brought the two countries to the brink of war.
The attack - a rare targeting of an Indian military installation outside disputed Kashmir - threatens to undermine improving relations with Pakistan.
The assaults come a week after Modi paid a surprise visit to Pakistan, the first by an Indian premier in 11 years. The visit immediately followed a whirlwind tour of Kabul, where Modi inaugurated an Indian-built parliament complex and gifted three Russian-made helicopters to the Afghan government.
India has been a key supporter of Kabul's post-Taliban government, and analysts have often pointed to the threat of a "proxy war" in Afghanistan between India and Pakistan.
Pakistan - the historic backers of the Taliban - has often been accused of assisting the insurgents, especially with attacks on Indian targets in Afghanistan.
The latest attacks come amid a renewed international push to revive peace talks with the resurgent militant movement. Afghanistan and Pakistan are set to hold a first round of dialogue between Afghanistan, Pakistan, the US and China on Jan 11 to lay out a comprehensive roadmap for peace.
Pakistan, which wields considerable influence over the Taliban, hosted a milestone first round of talks in July but the negotiations stalled when the insurgents belatedly confirmed the death of longtime leader Mullah Omar.
The attack on the consulate in Mazar-i-Sharif is the latest in a series of attacks on Indian targets in Afghanistan. In 2008, a car bomb at the Indian embassy in Kabul killed 60 people and the embassy was again hit by a suicide strike in 2009.
Nine civilians, including seven children, were killed in August 2013 when suicide bombers targeted the Indian consulate in the main eastern Afghan city of Jalalabad.
And in May 2014, gunmen launched a pre-dawn attack on India's consulate in the main western Afghan city of Herat Friday before being repelled by security forces.