JAPAN'S Lower House begins deliberations today on a controversial Bill designed to give the state sweeping powers to protect secrets, ranging from Fukushima- like nuclear crises to international trade talks.
Bureaucrats who are charged with leaking secrets could face up to 10 years in jail, just like military personnel who now face similar punishment under military law. Conspirators face up to five years in jail.
The proposed law "damages the public's right to know", Mr Banri Kaieda, leader of the opposition Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ), told reporters on Tuesday.
The government argues that the proposed law is necessary to win the trust of other countries. In particular, such a law would ensure that Washington will be willing to share with Tokyo the sort of information needed for the proper functioning of a US-style national security council to be set up in January.
Although the ruling coalition has the numbers in both Houses of Parliament to pass the Bill, a coalition lawmaker has indicated that the government is willing to consider revisions to the draft legislation from the Opposition.
Critics say the lack of checks on what the government actually does with a piece of information could encourage it to over-classify, or suppress information that could prove embarrassing if made public.
The opposition DPJ has proposed the inclusion of a check mechanism whereby a court will act as a third party to determine whether the government has acted appropriately in classifying information.
The Bill aims to empower the government to designate as official secrets information in four broad areas - diplomacy, security, spying and terrorist activities.
Reports say the Bill is expected to cover some 400,000 items.