TOKYO - Isamu Akasaki and Hiroshi Amano of Japan and Japanese-born US citizen Shuji Nakamura won the 2014 Nobel Prize for Physics on Tuesday for inventing a new energy-efficient and environment-friendly light source.
Here is a list of previous Japanese-born Nobel laureates.
PHYSICS: 1949 - Hideki Yukawa - for his prediction of the existence of mesons - subatomic particles intermediate in mass between electron and proton.
1965 - Shinichiro Tomonaga - for fundamental work in quantum electrodynamics.
1973 - Leo Esaki - for discoveries on tunneling phenomena in semiconductors and superconductors.
2002 - Masatoshi Koshiba - for pioneering contributions to astrophysics.
2008 - Yoichiro Nambu, Makoto Kobayashi, Toshihide Maskawa - for insights providing deeper understanding of what happens in the tiniest building blocks of matter.
CHEMISTRY: 1981 - Kenichi Fukui - for theories on the course of chemical reactions.
2000 - Hideki Shirakawa - for discovery and development of conductive polymers - a plastic that conducts electricity like a metal.
2001 - Ryoji Noyori - for work on chirally catalysed hydrogenation reactions.
2002 - Koichi Tanaka - for development of a method that helps identify the amount and type of chemicals present in a sample of biological macromolecules.
2008 - Osamu Shimomura - for discovery and development of the green fluorescent protein.
2010 - Akira Suzuki - for inventing new ways to bind carbon atoms.
MEDICINE: 1987 - Susumu Tonegawa - for discovery of genetic principle for generation of antibody diversity.
2012 - Shinya Yamanaka - for discovery that adult cells can be transformed back into embryo-like stem cells that may one day regrow tissue in damaged organs.
LITERATURE: 1968 - Yasunari Kawabata 1994 - Kenzaburo Oe PEACE: 1974 - Eisaku Sato - Signed the nuclear arms Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) in 1970.