Murders fuel caste tensions in rural India

Murders fuel caste tensions in rural India
An Indian family sits outside a house where flower-garlanded portraits of a dead family are seen on a wall in Javkheda village in Ahmednagar district of India's Maharashtra state on November 25, 2014. Down a bumpy track in western India's rural flatlands, a small farmhouse marks the spot of a mysterious triple murder that has sparked protests as far away as New York. Sanjay Jadhav, his wife Jayashree and their teenage son Sunil were found chopped up and thrown into nearby wells in late October, drawing shivers from some of their fellow Dalits -- those formerly known as "untouchables" in India's rigid caste hierarchy.

JAVKHEDA, India - Down a bumpy track in western India's rural flatlands, a small farmhouse marks the spot of a mysterious triple murder that has sparked protests as far away as New York.

Sanjay Jadhav, his wife Jayashree and their teenage son Sunil were found chopped up and thrown into nearby wells in late October, drawing shivers from some of their fellow Dalits - those formerly known as "untouchables" in India's rigid caste hierarchy.

They fear that the usually peaceful Javkheda village, where flower-garlanded portraits of the dead family hang on a wall, has become the latest example of deep-rooted prejudice against those at the base of Indian society.

"We are in danger. It could be us tomorrow," said Sindhu Dharsalvi, a Dalit farmworker living in a small settlement of tin-roofed huts in the same Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra state.

India banned caste discrimination decades ago, but suspicions around the Javkheda killings show the issue remains a toxic and highly sensitive one.

The deaths mark the third high-profile case of Dalit murders in Ahmednagar since early last year, when the body parts of three young male cleaners were found in and near a septic tank.

Several higher-caste men were arrested in that case, believed to have been motivated by an inter-caste love affair, and the matter is still at court.

"Dalits have completely lost faith in the government as well as the police. The question haunting them is: why are Dalits being murdered?" said local activist Baba Rajguru.

Motive unknown

Whether the recent Javkheda deaths were in fact caste-related is a matter of speculation - despite 100-plus police officers working on the case over the past six weeks, the motive is unclear and nobody has been arrested.

Police suggest the culprit probably came from inside the Dalit community, while varying rumours point to an affair with a higher-caste woman, a property dispute or even links to local communist guerrillas.

But the Dalit status of the victims has drawn a stream of Indian politicians, activists and journalists to the village, set amid jowar and cotton crops, where police are keeping watch.

Rallies have been held in Indian cities and on the streets of New York, where a global Dalit group submitted a petition to the United Nations chiding the "clueless" police and calling for Ahmednagar to be declared an "atrocity prone" area, according to reports.

"If it doesn't get solved, the relationship between us and the Dalits is going the get worse," said Javkheda's village chief Uddhav Wagh, himself of the higher Maratha caste, over tea in his spacious home.

Wagh is convinced the murders were not caste-related, and he said such speculation was mainly from outsiders and was fuelling tensions in the community.

He pointed to the lack of any discord during his six decades in the village, where Dalits still tend to live on the outskirts, although he takes a dim view of inter-caste romance among the village youth.

"If such kind of affairs are known about by the parents, they make them understand not to do this," he said.

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