Myanmar jails reporters for decade over weapons claim

Myanmar jails reporters for decade over weapons claim
Supporters (L) of Myanmar pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi pose in front of her picture as they celebrate her 69th birthday at the National League for Democracy party head office in Yangon on June 19, 2014 .

YANGON - Myanmar jailed five journalists to 10 years in prison with hard labour Thursday over a report accusing the military of producing chemical weapons, a sentence denounced by campaigners as "outrageously harsh".

The reporters for the Unity Weekly News were convicted by a court in central Magway region under the former junta-run country's official secrets act, amid concerns that Myanmar is backsliding on press freedoms.

"All five journalists were sentenced to 10 years imprisonment," said lawyer Wah Win Maung, who is acting on behalf of four of the men.

"This verdict is legally wrong. We will appeal," he told AFP.

The jailed men, who include the chief executive of the Unity Weekly News and are aged between 22 and 52, were arrested in February just days after the article was published.

Reporters Without Borders described the verdict as "very worrying for press freedom" in Myanmar.

"It's clearly a step back," said Benjamin Ismail, head of the watchdog's Asia-Pacific desk.

The article alleged that the country's military was operating a chemical weapons factory in the town of Pauk in Magway, under the instructions of former strongman junta chief Than Shwe.

Myanmar's military ruled the country with an iron fist for nearly five decades, banning dissent and imprisoning critics and journalists.

Media crackdown

The new quasi-civilian regime that came to power in 2011 has won praise with reforms including freeing political prisoners and lifting draconian pre-publication censorship.

But rights groups have highlighted mounting concerns over press freedoms, after several cases of criminal prosecutions against journalists.

David Mathieson, a researcher with New York-based Human Rights Watch, said the Myanmar media had come under increasing pressure in recent months, with several high profile arrests of reporters and planned new media laws that have raised concerns.

"The government is cracking down on the media doing its job," he said.

He noted that the Unity Weekly case was complicated by accusations of trespassing and revealing state secrets, which are illegal in many countries.

"But that does not excuse the fact that the sentences were outrageously harsh," Mathieson said, adding that the reporters could have had a public interest defence based on Myanmar's commitment not to use chemical weapons.

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