Chief Justice Zhou Qiang, president of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), delivered a report on the work of the SPC on Thursday to the third session of the 12th National People's Congress.
Following are highlights of Zhou's report:
China convicts about 1. 18 million criminal offenders in 2014, 2.2 per cent more than that of last year.
Terrorism cases rose 15 per cent
Chinese courts handled 558 cases related to terrorism cases, including separatism and terrorist attacks, an increase of 14.8 per cent year-on-year.
A total of 712 criminals involved in these cases, including the case in which a jeep crashed into people in Tian'anmen Square in Beijing on Oct 28, and the terrorist attack in a railway station in Kunming, were convicted and punished, a rise of 13.3 per cent year-on-year.
Court acquits, rectifies mistakes
In 2014, courts acquitted 518 defendants of public prosecution and 260 defendants of private prosecution. Moreover, there were 1,317 revisions of criminal cases to rectify past mistakes, including the case of Hugjiltu.
According to the Supreme People's Procuratorate (SPP), prosecutors probed 3,664 cases of graft, bribery and embezzlement of public funds involving more than 1 million yuan ($164,000 ) last year. A total of 4,040 public servants at county level and above, including 589 at city level, were investigated.
A total of 55,101 people were investigated for duty-related crimes in 41,487 cases, an annual increase of 7.4 per cent in the number of people, according to the report.
Prosecutors handled serious cases of 28 officials at and above provincial or ministerial levels, including Zhou Yongkang and Xu Caihou in accordance with the law last year, according to the report.
In addition, 7,827 bribers were prosecuted for criminal offences, up 37.9 per cent from the previous year.
The work report of the Supreme People's Court (SPC) showed that Chinese courts in 2014 convicted and punished 44,000 criminals in 31,000 cases of embezzlement and bribery, including severe cases such as Liu Tienan and Li Daqiu.
A total of 2,394 people were convicted for offering bribes last year, up 12.1 per cent from the previous year.
China's judicial authorities on Thursday pledged to intensify its international manhunt for corrupt officials who had fled abroad in the vain hope of escaping justice.
Tountry saw a 40.7-per cent rise in the number of criminal cases that involved instigation of secessionist activities in 2014.
China will impose tough measures on cyber crimes in accordance with the law, in a bid to cleanse the Internet space.
Chinese prosecutors may take up public interest litigation against polluters.
The number of criminal cases involving polluters increased by 8.5 times year on year in 2014. Courts nationwide closed about 16,000 criminal cases related to environment protection.