Tokyo should take meaningful steps to overcome "political obstacles" that affect relations, Foreign Ministry spokesman Hong Lei told China Daily on Monday, in response to the Japanese prime minister's public call for a summit, which analysts suggested was a media ploy.
Shinzo Abe used a parliamentary session on Monday to call for a meeting with President Xi Jinping. The fact that he called for a meeting four months ahead of the APEC leaders' summit in Beijing raised suspicions that he was playing to the international audience, analysts said.
In an interview published on Monday, Abe also refused to rule out future visits to Yasukuni Shrine.
Hong said "the crux of the problem that affects the healthy development of the China-Japan relationship is clear".
"China has consistently stated its position regarding contacts between Chinese and Japanese leaders. The Japanese side should take tangible action to eliminate political obstacles that affect the development of the bilateral relationship."
Abe is playing the media card ahead of the annual summit in an attempt to depict Beijing as the villain who says no to dialogue while, in reality, the Japanese Cabinet has exercised zero self-restraint in its revisionist attitude of history, observers warned.
Lyu Yaodong, a senior expert on Japan's diplomatic policies at the Institute of Japan Studies under Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said using the media and giving the impression of a diplomatic initiative "does not necessarily lead to successfully repairing the relationship".
"What really matters is not holding a summit, but what you have done. Abe has created serious consequences over issues of history," Lyu said.
Abe has not apologised for his pilgrimage in December to the Yasukuni Shrine, which honors 14 Class-A war criminals from World War II.
An expert panel appointed by the Tokyo Cabinet recommended a review of the Kono Statement in 1993, which includes an apology for the Japanese military forcing Asian women into sexual slavery during wartime.
Zhou Yongsheng, a professor on Japan studies at China Foreign Affairs University, said initiating media campaigns regarding summits or meetings is a "cunning strategy".
"A leaders' meeting will allow Abe to feel that he will gain more bargaining chips. If the meeting is not held, he will blame China," Zhou said.
In an interview with the Mainichi Shimbun daily published on Monday, Abe refused to rule out another visit to Yasukuni.
"In the future, I hope to maintain my feelings of respect to honour those who have given their lives for the nation, but I would rather not say whether or not I will visit Yasukuni," he was quoted as saying.