The UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) for Southeast Asia has called on countries to reduce or halt capital punishment in their pursuit of justice.
In its latest report, the OHCHR found a declining global trend in the implementation of the death penalty, but said Southeast Asian countries faced complex challenges to abolishing the punishment.
Some states, namely Cambodia, the Philippines and Timor Leste, were fully abolitionist while others, comprising Brunei Darussalam, Laos and Myanmar, were abolitionist in practice. Thailand had an unofficial moratorium in place.
Malaysia and Singapore are undertaking efforts to reduce executions and implement other reforms. Meanwhile, Indonesia and Vietnam still apply the death penalty, but the future of the policy is uncertain.
"We hope this publication can be a resource for further discussion in the region and help establish moratoria on the use of the death penalty and ultimately its abolition," said OHCHR Regional Office for Southeast Asia representative Matilda Bogner.