HANOI - Hundreds of thousands of Vietnamese lined the streets of Hanoi on Sunday to bid farewell to revered independence hero General Vo Nguyen Giap as his funeral cortege passed through the capital.
Military trucks carrying Giap's flag-draped coffin were met by vast crowds - at places 10 or 20 deep - with many mourners crying, chanting or praying in Vietnam's biggest state funeral in decades.
Giap was the architect of Vietnam's stunning battlefield victories over France and the United States and the one-party communist state has keenly tried to co-opt the popular general's legacy to bolster its own legitimacy.
"(Giap) is the general of the People and his name will be forever engraved in the history of the nation," Communist Party leader Nguyen Phu Trong said in a televised speech on Sunday.
Giap's death was "a great loss" for the Vietnamese people and nation, he added, speaking before the procession at the Hanoi Funeral House, where the general's body lay in state overnight.
Giap, who became a prominent government critic late in life, is second only to founding president Ho Chi Minh in the communist nation's affections.
"The general will live forever!" one man shouted as the funeral procession drove by to the airport, where his body will be flown to his native Quang Binh province some 500 kilometres (310 miles) away for burial later Sunday.
Hundreds of thousands of people have flocked to pay their last respects to Giap, lauded as a military genius for the guerrilla tactics that inspired resistance movements around the world, since he died last week at 102.
The former history teacher turned military commander, led his troops to victory over France in 1954 at Dien Bien Phu - the battle that ended French involvement in Indochina - and played a key role in Vietnam's defeat of the United States in 1975.
"He's gone, taking with him part of our glorious victory," said retired civil servant Tran Hung Tuy, 74.