NEW YORK - The euro was on track on Tuesday to be the world's best-performing major currency this year, while the dollar looked set for its biggest annual gain against the yen since 1979.
The euro zone common currency has gained 26 per cent against the yen this year, though it fell 0.2 per cent to 144.89 yen on Tuesday, having set a five-year high of 145.67 on Friday.
Against the dollar, the euro has gained more than 4 per cent, baffling many hedge funds that had expected a weak euro zone economy and a reduction in Federal Reserve bond-buying to strengthen the greenback this year.
The Fed, however, finally announced its first move this month and a steady reduction in the flood of dollars it is pumping into the economy looks set to contrast starkly with the Bank of Japan's policy next year.
"We think things are going to be very data-dependent," said Paul Chappell, CIO of UK-based hedge fund manager C-View.
"At the moment that looks like US numbers are going to be relatively robust compared with some other G7 peers, so the dollar is likely to be relatively robust versus other developed country currencies."
He said the euro, boosted recently by banks in the region repatriating funds to shore up their capital bases, tends to lose ground in the first few days of a new year.
On Tuesday the euro slipped 0.2 per cent to $1.3775 as the gap between US two-year government bond yields and German yields widened, increasing the relative attractiveness of the dollar.
The dollar slipped 0.2 per cent to 104.93 yen, but was up 21 per cent for 2013, its biggest annual gain since a 23.7 per cent rise in 1979, according to Thomson Reuters data.
Satoshi Okagawa, senior global markets analyst for Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation in Singapore, saw the dollar rising to 110 yen in the first half of 2014, before retreating below 100 yen mid-year and then re-testing 110 yen in late 2014.
The latest Reuters poll published on December 4 showed strategists expect the euro to retreat to $1.27 in a year, while the dollar will rise to 108.0 yen. The poll was conducted before the latest Fed meeting, at which the US central bank announced its first reduction in stimulus money.
The Swiss franc hovered near a three-decade peak against the yen, fetching 117.90 yen. The franc touched 119.17 yen on Friday, its highest since January 1983.
C-View's Chappell added: "We're very much into year-end where individual currencies are flopping around a bit, predicated on year-end flows."