On the back of regular reports in mainstream papers about the softening property market and commentaries by industry experts about the urgent need to remove some of the property cooling measures, we decided to look into whether home prices have fallen in Singapore.
Comparing prices in 2006 and 2016
First, we look at how much today's prices compare to the past. For simplicity sake, we'll use the Singapore's Real Estate Exchange as a guide and will take the prices in 2006 for no reason other than the fact that the exchange only provides data for HDB flats from that year onwards.
We found that from 2006 to 2016, the price of:
- HDB flats went up over 92 per cent;
- Non-landed homes went up close to 121 per cent; and
- Landed homes, prices went up close to 143 per cent
These percentage increases have already accounted for the "slump" in prices from its historical highs in 2013 and 2014.
How much have property prices fallen from their highs?
The next thing we can calculate is how much prices of the individual property types have fallen since their peak.
- For HDB flats, prices were at their peaks in April 2013, since then, prices have fallen approximately by 11 per cent;
- For non-landed homes, prices were at their peaks in January 2014, since then, prices have fallen slightly over 7 per cent; and
- For landed homes, prices were at their peaks in February 2014, since then, prices have fallen roughly 12.5 per cent
Prices have been falling, but these decreases did not even make a dent in the overall increases property prices have seen in the last decade alone.
Further, the ability of property developers to hold out or use loopholes in government policies to hang on to properties rather than lower prices underscores the fact that the property market is not in the doldrums. And that there is much more room for prices to decrease.
We think the government was right not to ease any of the current property cooling measures. Doing so might have been seen as bending to the wills of the property developers.
Does this mean that the property cooling measures have not been effective?
Far from it. The cooling measures probably helped avoid a meltdown in the property market.
Prices would have gone even higher and a bubble might have burst causing widespread mayhem for laypeople. Many people, having not seen this crisis, would easily forget the government's role in averting this crisis.
A property bubble bursting would have seen many people losing their homes as banks call for top ups when their home values dropped. For example, a home that cost $1 million in a property bubble could see its value drop to $750,000. The owner could have stretched himself to provide his family a dream home and taken up to $800,000 in loans.
Once the bubble bursts, the banks would immediately call approximately $200,000 in top ups. We don't think many people can cough up such an amount on short notice, and this home would have been seized by the bank in a worst-case scenario.
Are homes affordable then?
Considering we're speaking about affordability, let's just concentrate on the figures for HDB as other segments of homeowners may portray steeper elasticity of demand.
Based on 2006 to 2016, prices have gone up a whole lot. Or more precisely, a price increase of 92 per cent for HDB flats. For the same period, from 2006 to 2015, real median wages have gone up 26.4 per cent only. Further, wages are in smaller denominations and may not necessarily be a good gauge for how much prices should increase.
Being that median wages are at $3,949, and we use a rule of thumb for home prices to be roughly 5 times your annual combined gross monthly income (note investopedia's rule of thumb is 2 to 2.5), median wage earners should be buying homes that cost $473,000.
Comparing this figure against latest market prices, this would mean that median income earners may not be able to afford 4-room flats in over half the locations in Singapore currently.
DollarsAndSense.sg is a website that provides bite-sized and relevant articles to help Singaporeans make better financial decisions.