China undergrads opting out of post-grad studies

China undergrads opting out of post-grad studies

Undergraduate Li Na thought she had it all planned out: Degree in English this year, followed by a master's, and then a job as a professional translator.

But the 24-year-old from Inner Mongolia who graduates this year did not sit the nationwide entrance examination in January to enrol for the master's programme. She was not alone. Some 40,000 other students also did not do so.

Only 1.72 million students took the entrance exam this year compared to 1.76 million last year. It was the first time in 20 years that such a large group of students had "dropped out".

The reason? Money. From this year, graduate programmes at all of China's 113 public universities are no longer state-sponsored.

Anyone studying for a master's degree now has to pay about 8,000 yuan (S$1,600) a year. It is 10,000 yuan for a doctorate.

The Education Ministry has given the assurance that financial aid would be significantly boosted to ensure that no worthy student cannot afford graduate school. Still, the impact of the change on students like Ms Li has been stark.

"Before, there were no fees, so bursary money from the university could be used for living expenses. Now, the bursary money goes to pay tuition, so I still have to worry about living expenses," said the student from the Inner Mongolia Agriculture University.

"My parents said they could help me, but I didn't want to burden them."

While the cutback has been hailed by analysts who lament the bloated and uncompetitive nature of China's tertiary education system, it has been criticised in China by those who worry that it will shut out students from poorer backgrounds - precisely those for whom a higher degree would mean a significant boost up the career ladder.

In credentials-crazy China, it is almost impossible to get a job in fields like languages, business management and computer science without at least a master's.

Education experts said that policy change was necessary to raise standards, shake out students trying to avoid entering the adult world, and encourage enrolment in professionally oriented programmes.

That third has already shown up in statistics. Beijing institutions reported that the proportion of those applying for professionally oriented programmes grew from 14.3 per cent in 2010 to 38.3 per cent this year.

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