PUTRAJAYA - Catholic weekly The Herald will not be allowed to use the word "Allah" to refer to the Christian God, ruled the Court of Appeal.
The panel, lead by Justice Mohamed Apandi Ali, overturned a High Court decision and unanimously ruled Monday in favour of the Government's appeal, saying that the minister had not acted in any way that required a judicial review.
The court also found that there had been sufficient material considered by the minister in taking action under the Printing and Publications Act 1984.
Thus the panel set aside all orders made by the Kuala Lumpur High Court in conjunction with its allowing the Church's judicial review back in 2009, with no order as to cost.
The three-member panel, which also included Justices Mohd Zawawi Salleh and Abdul Aziz Abdul Rahim, each prepared their own judgements, though Justice Mohamed Apandi read a brief summary, saying the full judgement was over 100 pages long.
"Our common finding that the usage of Allah is not an integral part of the Christian faith. We cannot find why the parties are so adamant on the usage of the word," he said.
The panel found that such usage of the word would cause confusion and that in the interest of public safety, the court chose to grant the Government's appeal.
"The welfare of an individual or group, must yield to the interest of society at large," said Justice Mohamed Apandi, adding that this should be read alongside the constitutional freedom of religion.
Senior federal counsel Suzanna Atan represented the Government, while lawyers Porries Royan and Annou Xavier acted as counsel for the Church.
Annou told reporters that they will only be able to confirm in several days time if the Church would appeal to the Federal Court.
The Home Ministry and Government were appealing against the Dec 31, 2009 High Court decision in allowing the church's judicial review to lift the Ministry's ban on the use of the word "Allah" in The Herald to refer to the Christian god.
On July 9, the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Kuala Lumpur had filed an application to the strike out the Government's appeal although it was later unanimously denied by another Court of Appeal panel.
The church, led by Archbishop Murphy Pakiam, had filed the judicial review on Feb 16, 2009, naming the Home Ministry and the Government as respondents.
They sought, among others, a declaration that the decision by the Home Ministry on Jan 7, 2009, prohibiting the use of the word 'Allah' in The Herald was illegal and that the word 'Allah' is not exclusive to the religion of Islam.
The weekly, published in four languages, has been using the word 'Allah' as a translation for 'God' in its Malay-language section, but the Government argued that 'Allah' should be used exclusively only by Muslims.