NEW YORK - US book retailer Barnes & Noble said Wednesday it would spin off its Nook division, which produces tablets and digital books, amid ongoing losses at the unit.
The plan authorised by the board would separate the Nook unit by early 2015 and ends the effort by Barnes & Noble to directly challenge online giant Amazon and its Kindle devices.
"We have determined that these businesses will have the best chance of optimizing shareholder value if they are capitalised and operated separately," B&N chief executive Michael Huseby said.
The book retail operations and Nook Media "will continue to have long-term, successful business relationships with each other after separation," he added.
The company said it engaged Guggenheim Securities as financial advisors and Cravath, Swaine & Moore LLP as legal counsel for the spinoff.
The news came as Barnes & Noble announced a net loss of US$36.7 million (S$45.86 million) in its fiscal fourth quarter, narrowing the deficit from US$114.8 million a year earlier. This was helped by a US$12.5 million one-time tax benefit.
Revenues in the period increased 3.5 per cent to US$1.3 billion.
But the results were dragged down by weak performance in the Nook division, which saw a 22.2 per cent drop in revenues and an operating loss of US$56 million. That offset improvements in the company's retail and university operations.
"We're pleased with our improved financial performance in fiscal 2014," Huseby said, noting that earnings before certain charges such as taxes and depreciation were the highest in four years.
Nook has failed to secure a major foothold in a tablet market dominated by Apple, Samsung and Amazon, and the continual losses have led to pressure from key shareholders to break off the loss-making Nook unit.
Earlier this month, B&N said it would work with Samsung to produce a co-branded Nook tablet.
Shares in Barnes & Noble rallied on the news, closing up 5.3 per cent at US$21.65.
Paul Ausick of financial website 24/7 Wall Street said, however, that there appeared to be little to cheer about at the company.
"Why B&N thinks dividing the company will save it is a reasonable question for which there does not appear to be a reasonable answer, other than B&N has to do something, anything," he said.
"Investors like the move enough to ignore all the bad news on earnings."