CINCINNATI, Ohio - The owner of a hotel in Tennessee's Great Smoky Mountains that had the dubious honour of topping TripAdvisor's 2011 list of America's dirtiest hotels cannot sue the travel website operator for defamation, a federal appeals court said.
Kenneth Seaton complained in a US$10 million (S$12.7 million) lawsuit that the ranking for his Grand Resort Hotel and Convention Center in Pigeon Forge, Tennessee was the product of a flawed rating system dependent on "unsubstantiated rumours," and intended to irreparably damage his business and reputation.
TripAdvisor, a travel website, said the ranking was based on traveler ratings for cleanliness.
But the 6th US Circuit Court of Appeals in Cincinnati on Wednesday said travelers could not reasonably interpret the ranking as a statement that Grand Resort was in fact "America's dirtiest hotel," and that website operators deserve broad protection from lawsuits over reader-generated reviews.
While the hotel's entry had a photo of a ripped bedspread and a complaint from a TripAdvisor user about "dirt at least (1/2-inch) thick in the bathtub which was filled with lots of dark hair," Circuit Judge Karen Nelson Moore said no one would view this to conclusively mean the hotel deserved its ranking.
She also said "dirtiest" amounted to "rhetorical hyperbole,"and that the general tenor of the list - including reader comments about other hotels such as "probably more sanitary to sleep in the bathroom" and "camp out on the beach instead" - showed that the list also served to entertain.
Grand Resort's ranking "is not capable of being understood as defamatory," Moore wrote for a unanimous three-judge panel.