SINGAPORE - The long-term solution to the haze problem is to instil the "right way of farming" in Indonesia, said Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong on Sunday.
Speaking to Ang Mo Kio residents at a dialogue, he said this would mean that farmers would not resort to burning as a "short cut" to clear land for crop planting.
Singapore has been attempting to nudge the Indonesians towards sustainable practices, such as through a joint project in Jambi which promotes such agricultural practices to farmers and plantation owners.
The pact is up for renewal and PM Lee said that Singapore wants to extend it, and hopes that the Indonesians agree.
But he also noted that the authorities there face challenging obstacles in tackling the root cause of the haze, including the sheer size of the land area which is burning, and corruption.
He pointed out that the area over which forest fires are burning is much bigger than the whole of Singapore. Singapore's small size means the authorities are able to enforce laws easily and quickly.
This is not the case in Indonesia, he said, using the Chinese proverb "shang you zheng ce, xia you dui ce" (Whatever laws are handed down, the people on the ground will find ways around them).
One resident at the dialogue asked PM Lee about the detention last month of Riau governor Rusli Zainal by the Indonesian Corruption Eradication Commission. He is a suspect in a graft case involving the illegal exploitation of forests by logging companies.
Riau is ground zero of the forest fires producing the haze.
PM Lee said that he had heard the same thing about Mr Rusli, adding: "So these are the real problems in Indonesia."
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