More than 375,000 students arrived on the Chinese mainland from around the world for studies last year, a 5.77 per cent increase over 2013, the Ministry of Education said on Thursday.
The 377,054 students came from 203 countries and regions, according to figures released by the ministry.
The numbers coming from Oceania and Africa last year increased dramatically, but those coming from the Americas fell a little.
A total of 6,272 students came from Oceania, a 32.24 per cent increase year-on-year, while the number of those from Africa - 41,677 - rose by 24.93 per cent from 2013. The numbers coming from the Americas dropped by 2.45 per cent, but the ministry did not give a reason for this.
Some students said they came to study in China because they were attracted by the country's political and economic development.
James Mwita, 30, from Kenya, said: "China has a system that is working, and its political system is efficient. Its economic and social developments are impressive, and I hope my country can emulate them."
Many international students also said they decided to study in China because of the significant amount of financial support from the Chinese authorities and universities.
Asheida Charles, 29, from the Caribbean nation of Grenada is one example. Charles, who arrived in September, is studying international communication at Communication University of China.
"I chose China because of the attractive scholarship package offered to international students," she said. "The quality of education is also impressive."
But a survey by the Center for China and Globalization, a Beijing think tank, shows that international students make up less than 1 per cent of the students at Chinese colleges and universities.
Chen Zhiwen, chief editor of eol.cn, China's largest education portal, said African and Oceanian students' interest in China began late, leading to an apparent increase in students from the two regions coming to study in the country in recent years.
"On the other hand, the number of students from the Americas, especially from the US, has continued to grow for quite a few years."