SOME 3,000 local landscape workers will get a pay bump next year when it becomes compulsory for registered landscaping companies to implement a new wage structure.
The model, which links pay hikes to skills advancement, recommends a starting pay of at least $1,300 for full-time resident landscape maintenance workers, up from the current median basic wage of around $1,000 since 2009.
The new system was laid out by the Tripartite Cluster for the Landscape Industry (TCL) after a year of deliberation, and announced by the labour movement yesterday.
The National Parks Board will make adopting the new wage structure a requirement for firms applying for and renewing a listing on the Landscape Company Register from June next year.
Around 300 companies, or 90 per cent of the industry, are currently on the register.
From next June, they will need to be registered if they want to bid for government contracts.
"We hope that with this recommendation, we will be able to motivate workers and ensure that what we pay them is commensurate with their skills and productivity level," said TCL chairman Zainal Sapari at the launch at Gardens by the Bay.
Despite its key role in Singapore's garden city image, wages in the landscape industry are depressed as companies bid for contracts based on the lowest price, said Mr Zainal, who is assistant secretary-general at the National Trades Union Congress.
Under the wage ladder, there are four stages of progression from landscape worker to landscape supervisor. Each stage is tied to a set of skills and workers have to be trained under programmes such as the Singapore Workforce Skills Qualification.
Skills range from watering and weeding at the entry level, then move to operating machinery and deploying workers. Supervisors should earn at least $2,100.
Landscaping is the third low-wage industry that the Government sought to mandate higher wages in - the system for cleaners took effect last September and the ladder for security guards will take effect next September.
Although landscape companies that serve private clients will not have to implement the new wage structure, the ripple effect from the public sector should push up skills and wages for all workers.
Mr Federick Koh, the boss of Splendor Horticultural Services and Supply, said that companies with private sector contracts would have to follow suit and raise pay like those with public sector contracts - or workers would be tempted to jump ship.
Others said that they have already raised wages in line with changes in the cleaning industry, which also employs mainly older workers.
"We must keep pace because the pool of workers is similar," said Oh Heng Huat director Jasmine Lam, who added that the company would have to absorb the higher wage costs until existing contracts are completed.
Anecdotally, around seven in 10 landscape workers are over the age of 50, said Mr Zainal.
But industry players hope that by setting out a clear career progression path, the sector will draw fresh blood, like Mr Low Kee
Chong, 29, who has been a landscape worker at Gardens by the Bay for six months.
"A few of my friends are interested but sceptical about the prospects in the industry," said Mr Low, who took a 70 per cent pay cut from his previous job as a community liaison officer.
"Hopefully, this model will encourage more of them to join."
This article was first published on April 25, 2015.
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