Rebuilding public trust in the Internet following recent revelations by Edward Snowden is crucial, forcing the international community to agree on a collective code of ethics and governance principles for an open, yet secure, cyberspace.
Speakers at the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) in Nusa Dua have revealed unlawful surveillance issues from various perspectives.
Thomas Gass, the United Nations assistant secretary-general and co-chair of the conference, spoke with The Jakarta Post saying that everyone should work together to ensure that the basic rights of privacy and freedom of expression were protected in cyberspace so as not to negatively affect fundamental freedoms.
"The Internet has been misused for a variety of purposes and there is a danger that some world governments have been so defensive in covering Internet abuses, including the recent surveillance cases," Gass said.
He said the governments had to be open-minded. The Internet had provided new ideas, new ways of doing things.
"It is not an era when using the Internet is dangerous and threatening; that would be a pity for the international Internet community," he said.
Paulo Bernardo Silva, Brazil's minister of communication, said that his government did not claim to have the answers to protecting citizens and businesses from unlawful surveillance, and that such regulations would require further discussions with civil society and the private sector.