NEW YORK - Time Warner Inc's decision to make its prized HBO channel available to people who don't subscribe to Pay TV may delight such "cord cutters" but will likely crank up tensions with cable and satellite TV service providers.
By going over-the-top - media lingo for being able to watch TV with only a broadband connection - HBO has paved the way for a rocky period of negotiations with cable and satellite companies - with issues of pricing and distribution likely to loom large.
Indeed, CBS Corp upped the ante when it announced on Thursday a digital product that provides content like "The Good Wife" without a cable subscription for US$5.99 (S$7.63) per month. "Truth be told, there is no way to put a positive spin on this for the distributors," said Craig Moffett, senior research analyst at MoffettNathanson.
Details about HBO's standalone product, slated to launch next year, were scant. HBO Chief Executive Richard Plepler did not discuss price or potential partners on Wednesday when he revealed the news before Time Warner investors and analysts.
Still, the proposed online streaming service adds to a lengthening list of ways for consumers to circumvent pricey cable subscriptions, from Hulu to Netflix Inc and even a possible ESPN Internet channel. ESPN is owned by Walt Disney Co.
HBO is likely to face pressure from distributors to set the price for its new offering at a level that will not cannibalize existing subscriptions within the cable bundle.
Barclays analysts speculated in a research report that the service was likely to cost US$18 a month, which would be higher than the roughly $15 a month that cable systems typically charge for HBO.
Some cable executives, speaking on condition of anonymity, said they expect price and other issues to be points of tension in looming talks over how the service will work.
In setting the price, HBO will face a balancing act between growing its subscriptions and undercutting the cable companies, analysts said.
Both Time Warner and its distributors are expected to bring carrots and sticks to the negotiating table. HBO is targeting the 10 million broadband only households in the United States who do not have cable subscriptions.
Part of the reason Time Warner is launching a standalone product is to gain more leverage against the cable companies that it feels do not do enough to promote HBO as a premium channel.
Some cable systems have as few as 14 per cent of their subscribers taking HBO, while others have as much as 44 per cent, according to Plepler. "They want to have the threat," said Thomas Lieu, portfolio manager with Westwood Group, which has a stake in Time Warner.
Cable companies unhappy at being undercut by the freestanding HBO Go could retaliate by cutting their promotion budgets for the premium channel, one cable industry source said.
Other "sticks" could include slowing down delivery of the freestanding HBO Go, reviving battles that cable operators such as Comcast Corp fought earlier this year with Netflix, which ended with the streaming service agreeing to pay the cable operator for faster transmission speeds.
Plepler invoked "The Sopranos" mob character Paulie Walnuts when he said that when these deals come up, "we will get our taste." But as HBO thrashes out new commercial arrangements with distributors, it will hardly have a monopoly on strong-arm tactics.