Here are some important dates and events in the life of former South African President and anti-apartheid fighter Nelson Mandela, who died on Thursday aged 95:
July 18, 1918 - Born Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela near Qunu, in Transkei (now Eastern Cape), the youngest son of a counsellor to the chief of his Thembu clan.
1944 - Founds African National Congress (ANC) Youth League with Oliver Tambo and Walter Sisulu. - Marries his first wife Evelyn. They had a daughter and two sons and were divorced in 1957.
1952 - Mandela and others arrested and charged under the Suppression of Communism Act. Given suspended prison sentence. - Elected deputy national president of ANC.
1958 - Marries Winnie Madikizela. They separated in April 1992 and were divorced about four years later.
1960 - Sharpeville Massacre of black protesters by police.
1962 - Mandela leaves secretly for military training in Morocco and Ethiopia. Returning to South Africa, the "Black Pimpernel" is captured and sentenced to five years for incitement and illegally leaving the country.
1963 - While serving, Mandela is charged with conspiracy and sabotage.
June 12, 1964 - Mandela and seven others are sentenced to life imprisonment on Robben Island, off Cape Town.
Feb. 2, 1990 - F.W. de Klerk, South Africa's last white president, lifts ban on ANC and other liberation movements.
Feb. 11, 1990 - Mandela is freed from prison.
1991 - Elected president of the ANC.
Oct. 1993 - Wins Nobel Peace Prize with de Klerk.
April 27-29, 1994 - South Africa's first all-race election.