UNITED NATIONS, United States - The Netherlands, Malaysia and three other countries want a UN tribunal to be set up to try those responsible for the downing of the Malaysia Airlines flight over Ukraine last year, a senior diplomat said Wednesday.
Malaysia is expected to present a draft resolution to the Security Council next month on setting up the tribunal, said the diplomat, who asked not to be named.
"They are looking for agreement to establish a UN tribunal that would be the way to hold accountable," he said.
It remains unclear, however, whether Russia would back the creation of the special tribunal, modeled after other courts set up by the United Nations for the prosecution of serious crimes.
All 298 passengers and crew on board Flight MH17 - the majority of them Dutch - died when the plane was shot down on July 17 last year.
Suspicions immediately turned to the pro-Russian separatists in east Ukraine who may have used a surface-to-air missile supplied by Russia to shoot down the plane.
Spurred by a global outcry over the downing, the Security Council last year adopted a resolution demanding that the perpetrators be brought to justice.
Getting Russia on board
The five countries of the Joint Investigation Team - Australia, Belgium, Malaysia, the Netherlands and Ukraine - met last week in New York to discuss the proposed international court.
The diplomat said the countries were mindful of the need to "avoid a Russian veto" and that careful negotiations would be required on the wording of the resolution setting up the court.
Malaysia is hoping that the council will adopt the measure on July 22 to mark the one-year anniversary of the first resolution passed just days after the tragedy.
There is also concern that the resolution should be adopted before the criminal investigation is completed in the coming months, the diplomat said.
A Dutch government spokesman declined to comment on the planned tribunal, saying only that the five countries are in talks on ways to ensure that those responsible are prosecuted.
"At the moment, these five countries are consulting with relevant states to seek support for the best option," said the spokesman.
The Netherlands has been tasked with leading the investigation into the cause of the accident and identifying the victims.
The Boeing 777 passenger jet was traveling between Amsterdam and Kuala Lumpur when it was shot down, with the wreckage still strewn across fields in eastern Ukraine controlled by the separatist fighters.