BELGRADE - Thousands of people crammed into boats and army trucks fled their homes in Serbia and Bosnia Sunday after record rainfall turned the Sava river into a deadly torrent and caused the worst floods in more than a century.
According to officials in both countries, the disaster has killed at least 44 people. Some towns have been completely cut off and rescue teams feared the worst as improving weather allowed them to move in.
Some 10,000 people have been evacuated so far from the worst affected areas of northern Bosnia. In the town of Samac, hundreds of stranded residents were waiting to be rescued.
"We sent rescue teams into a part of the city we had not been able to access so far. They are entering those areas fearing what they might discover," Mayor Samo Minic told reporters.
The worst rainfall since records began in the late 19th century caused landslides that brought more destruction and also prompted a landmine warning.
Bosnia's demining agency said residents around the towns of Doboj, Maglaj and Olovo - which saw fierce fighting during the war in the 1990s - should be particularly wary.
Twenty of the 27 deaths recorded in Bosnia occurred in Doboj while on the other side of the Sava river, in Serbia, at least 16 bodies were found.
In the town of "Obrenovac alone we recovered 12 corpses," Prime Minister Aleksandar Vucic said, bringing the toll in Serbia to 16.
"Unfortunately there are estimates that the death toll will be higher," he said.
Croatia has also confirmed one casualty, as a result of bad weather that engulfed much of central and parts of eastern Europe at the weekend.
Ukraine emergencies ministry said electricity had been cut to about 100 villages in the north and west because of heavy rains and winds but that no casualties had been reported.
- Once in 1,000 years -
In the Serbian capital Belgrade, dozens of schools and sport centres were turned into shelters for the thousands of evacuees plucked the disaster zones by boats, buses and helicopters.
Thousands of volunteers worked through the night to stack sandbags along the banks of the Sava river in Belgrade, expecting a "flooding wave".
Mayor Sinisa Mali said he was confident any swelling of the Danube tributary could be contained but there was still concern further up river.
"The biggest problem is still along the Sava river. An evacuation is under way in Sremska Raca. In other areas it's getting better," Vucic said.
"What happened to us happens once in a thousand years, not hundred but thousand years," he said.
Humanitarian aid, technical equipment and teams from Russia, the European Union, the United States and neighbouring Montenegro and Macedonia were pouring in, authorities said.
Expressing his gratefulness to all foreign countries for the aid, Vucic said Serbia now needed "food, baby food, diapers, all kind of clothes, medicaments, bottled water, disinfection and hygienic resources."
Serbian tennis star Novak Djokovic, in Rome where he has reached the final of the Rome Masters, on Saturday posted an appeal for "support and solidarity for my people in Serbia!" on his Facebook page, where he has more than four million followers.