WASHINGTON - The Republican leader of the US House of Representatives voiced support on Thursday for President Barack Obama's expanded campaign against Islamic State militants, but members of his party questioned whether the plan was forceful enough.
Obama sent a panel of top administration officials to make the case to Congress for broadening operations against the Sunni militants, including US air strikes in Syria for the first time, more strikes in Iraq and more military advisers in Iraq.
In a televised address on Wednesday night, the Democratic president declared he would lead an alliance to root out Islamic State, plunging the United States into two conflicts in which nearly every country in the Middle East has a stake.
The White House argued that Obama does not need Congress' formal authorisation, but wants legislators' support to show a united front against opponents and to coalition members.
House Speaker John Boehner said Obama had made a "compelling case for action" but said the president must provide Republicans with more details about his strategy. "It's important to give the president what he has asked for," he told a news conference.
Boehner and other Republican leaders who support Obama's plans must unite factions within their party, including members deeply sceptical of Obama's spending plans and those who want the United States to cut its foreign military involvement.
Boehner said Republican House members have doubts about whether Obama's plan can accomplish his mission of destroying a militant group whose fighters have killed thousands of people in recent months.
"An F-16 is not a strategy. And air strikes alone will not accomplish what we're trying to accomplish. The president's made clear that he doesn't want boots on the ground, well somebody's boots have to be on the ground," the Ohio representative said.
A House vote could take place as soon as Tuesday on Obama's request for $500 million to arm and train moderate Syrian rebels, one part of his programme.
Islamic State is a Sunni group that embraces a radical vision of a Middle East ruled along 7th century precepts. Its fighters are battling a Shi'ite-led government in Iraq and a Syrian government led by President Bashar al-Assad, a follower of an offshoot of Shi'ite Islam.
US Secretary of State John Kerry has won support from 10 Arab countries for a "coordinated military campaign" against the militants.
NO DECISIONS ON VOTE
Boehner said no decision had been made on how the House might vote on Obama's request for authorisation and $500 million in funding to arm and train moderate rebels waging a three-year-long war against Assad.
A White House spokesman said the administration would like Congress to include the authorisation in a bill to fund government operations, called a continuing resolution, that is expected to pass next week.
Some senators from both parties said Obama should ask Congress for a formal authorisation to use military force, something that is not expected before lawmakers leave Washington next week to campaign for the Nov. 4 congressional elections.
"Our allies would feel much more secure and committed... if they knew that Congress was behind this," Tennessee Senator Bob Corker, the top Republican on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, told reporters.
The Syrian rebels are seen as a moderate counterpart to both Islamic State and Assad's government, but lawmakers harbour doubts about the rebels.
"There's a real question as to whether we have a Free Syrian Army and most of the reports I've read ... show so many different groups and not a high reliability," Republican Representative Rodney Frelinghuysen of New Jersey, who chairs the House Appropriations Defence Subcommittee, told reporters.
Connecticut Democratic Senator Chris Murphy said he would vote against any resolution arming the Syrian rebels, or any spending bill with such a measure attached.
Administration officials see the vote as crucial to its efforts to build an international coalition. But the timing is tricky, as such a move could be seen as a "war vote" by a war-weary public, just two months before congressional elections.
Any vote to authorise military action could prove especially tough for Democrats, whose liberal base tends to be wary of war, as the party tries to hold a slim US Senate majority.
The beheadings of two US journalists by Islamic State militants coalesced support for action from both parties.