The central government has warned the Aceh provincial administration against its plan to introduce beheading as a punishment for murder, saying that such a form of capital punishment could not be introduced under bylaws.
The introduction of beheading, a punishment known as Qisas, or "retributive justice", under Islamic law, is said to be under consideration by the Aceh administration, which believes it could create a deterrent effect to murder.
Law and Human Rights Minister Yasonna Laoly said the only form of capital punishment stipulated in the country's Criminal Code was execution by firing squad, carried out under the order of the Attorney General's Office (AGO).
"The Criminal Code is higher because it is a national law and a bylaw cannot regulate [capital punishment]. There is a limitation on the drafting of punishments in bylaws," Yasonna told reporters on Thursday.
Aceh, the only province in the Muslim-majority country governed by Islamic law or sharia, has frequently made international headlines for carrying out public canings of alleged adulterers, homosexual people and gamblers.