Boost for pro-democracy camp in Hong Kong

Boost for pro-democracy camp in Hong Kong

Hong Kong: The city's pro-democracy camp has secured more than a quarter of the seats - its most ever - on an election committee that will pick Hong Kong's next leader.

In the election on Sunday, the pan-democrats, the main opposition to the pro-establishment bloc deemed to be supportive of China, won 325 seats in the 1,194-member panel which will choose the city's next chief executive on March 26 next year.

A record 107,000 voters, or 46 per cent of 230,000 eligible voters, turned up to vote to fill 733 seats on the committee.

The remaining 461 seats were returned uncontested or held by the likes of lawmakers.

The turnout was nearly 20 percentage points higher than that for the previous committee election in 2011, when the overall turnout rate was 27.6 per cent.

Analysts say this reflected professionals' discontent with the city's government.

Political analyst Willy Lam believed Hong Kong Chief Executive Leung Chun Ying's announcement last Friday that he would not seek re-election spurred more pro-democracy supporters to vote.

"Pan-democrats want to prove to Beijing that they have the ability and they are a force to be reckoned with," said Dr Lam, who noted how the ballots were previously dominated by pro-Beijing voters.

The election committee is made up of four major sectors - economic, professional, social and political - each having 300 seats.

These are subdivided into 38 sub-sectors. The pan-democrats, who won 205 seats in the 2011 election committee polls, had targeted at least 300 seats in their bid to stop Mr Leung from winning a second term.

At least 601 votes are needed for a contender to become the next chief executive.

Occupy Central co-founders, who had failed in their push for a "one man, one vote" system in choosing the chief executive four years ago, managed a clean sweep of 30 seats in the higher education sub-sector.

The pro-democracy camp saw landslide victories in five other professional sectors - legal, education, social welfare, IT and health services.

The camp also gained almost all seats in the accountancy sector and the architectural sectors.

Veteran politician Alan Leong of the Civic Party, who was elected under the legal sub-sector, said that by acting together, the pan-democrats could prevent another candidate who showed similar traits and ideologies as Mr Leung from being elected as the next chief executive.


"Our unity means we are not a negligible force. But as to exactly how important we shall be depends on the final mix of candidates."

Only retired judge Woo Kwok Hing has so far announced he is running for the top post.

A pro-establishment figure, lawmaker and former Security Secretary Regina Ip, is expected to announce her candidacy on Thursday.

Two other potential pro-establishment candidates are Chief Secretary Carrie Lam and Financial Secretary John Tsang, who has quit his post and is expected to declare his candidacy.

If all three potential pro-establishment contenders enter the race, this could lead to votes being split, giving the pan democrats a bigger say in the outcome, said analysts.

"We could see CY Leung's supporters turning to Carrie Lam and there is a possibility that John Tsang might win some votes from the pan-democrats," said Dr Lam.

How the chief executive is elected

Hong Kong's next leader will be elected by an Election Committee made up of 1,194 members.

The committee represents four sectors - economic, professional, social and political.

Under these, there are 38 sub-sectors representing various trades, professions, social services groups and district organisations.

The committee comprises business elites, professionals and lawmakers.

Some of the sub-sectors elected their members by drawing lots, while others were voted in during a polling exercise on Sunday.

About 230,000 people under the various sub-sectors were eligible to cast their ballots to fill 733 seats on the 1,194-member Election Committee on Sunday.

And a record number of 107,000 registered voters cast their votes.

This term, 461 seats are returned as they were uncontested or held by ex officio members, or those given a seat by virtue of their posts, such as lawmakers in the Legislative Council.

Six sub-sectors - legal, education, higher education, social welfare, IT and health services - saw clean sweeps by the pan-democratic camp, while business sectors such as hotels, tourism and commerce continued to be dominated by pro-establishment forces and tycoons.

The hotels sub-sector, dominated by property developers, saw Mr Gary Harilela, director of Harilela Hotels, Mr Lui Che Woo, founder of K. Wah Group, and second-generation tycoons including Sino Land's Mr Daryl Ng Win Kong, Hopewell Holdings' Mr Thomas Wu and Henderson Land Development's Mr Martin Lee Ka Shing, elected, reported South China Morning Post.

In the financial services sub-sector, 33 candidates fought for 18 seats, and eight who supported Mr Leung Chun Ying in his bid to become chief executive in 2012 were re-elected.

To become a chief executive candidate, one must secure nominations from at least 150 committee members.

The next chief executive needs to secure more than 600 votes to win.

This article was first published on December 13, 2016.
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