BEIJING - China's commerce minister on Tuesday urged Taiwan to ratify a controversial trade pact that has languished in the island's parliament after protests over trade dealings with Beijing.
In 2014, hundreds of students occupied Taiwan's parliament for weeks in protests nicknamed the Sunflower Movement, demanding more transparency and fearful of China's growing economic and political influence on the democratic island.
The protests over the 2013 Cross-Strait Service Trade Agreement, which aimed to open up investment from both sides in industries such as banking, healthcare, and tourism, were the largest display of anti-China sentiment in Taiwan in years.
The deal has since stalled in Taiwan's parliament, though the manner in which the self-ruled island moves forward in the current February to May session will be seen as a sign of how President-elect Tsai Ing-wen will steer Taiwan-China ties.
China's Commerce Minister Gao Hucheng warned that the deal could go to waste. "I hope the Taiwan side can preserve and safeguard the political foundation and correct orientation of the peaceful development of bilateral relations, urge that the Cross-Strait Service Trade Agreement be put into effect as soon as possible, and promptly allow the people and enterprises on both sides to benefit," Gao told a press briefing. "Otherwise, even despite good preparation, the efforts will amount to nothing," he said.
China, including Hong Kong, is Taiwan's top trading partner, with a total of just over US$170 billion (S$239 billion) in 2014, official data from Taiwan shows. About 40 percent of Taiwan's exports, such as tech components and chemicals, go to China.
China has claimed Taiwan through its "one China" policy since the Chinese civil war forced the defeated Nationalist forces to flee to the island in 1949, and Beijing has vowed to bring it under its rule, by force if necessary.
Tsai, leader of the independence-leaning Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), won the Taiwan election in January, but has vowed to preserve the status quo with "consistent, predictable and sustainable" relations with China.
The DPP also won a majority in parliament in the same elections.
The DPP and the Nationalist party could reach an agreement to ratify the trade deal this year, should the Cross-Strait Oversight Bill be passed by Taiwan lawmakers first.