Hong Kong's student leaders said yesterday that they would decide in the coming days whether to leave protest sites that they have occupied for more than two months, following violent clashes.
The rallies for fully free leadership elections drew tens of thousands at their height, but numbers have dwindled as public support for the movement has waned.
One prominent protest leader said the students would decide "within a week" whether to leave two remaining camps in the centre of the city, after the authorities cleared a third last week.
Their announcement came after the three leaders of protest group Occupy Central turned themselves in to the police on Wednesday in a symbolic move to get demonstrators off the streets, after violent confrontations with the police outside the government headquarters during the weekend.
China insists that candidates for the vote for chief executive in 2017 must be vetted by a loyalist committee, which demonstrators say will ensure the election of a pro-Beijing stooge.
Student protest leaders have remained adamant that staying on the streets is their only option to force reform. But yesterday, they said that the decision to retreat was now an option.
"There needs to be a decision that is made about whether to leave or stay," said Yvonne Leung of the Hong Kong Federation of Students (HKFS), which has spearheaded the mass street protests.
"Within a week's time, we definitely will have to have a decision," she told local radio.
Ms Leung said the main reason for considering retreat was the violence during Sunday's clashes, which left dozens injured, including police officers.
Tommy Cheung, also of HKFS, told reporters that the group would consider tactics "including whether to retreat or to stay" in the next few days.
Teenage protest leader Joshua Wong of the Scholarism group, also at the forefront of the street demonstrations, said that it would work with HKFS on the next step.
"Internal discussions will be made and we will stay in touch with HKFS, exchange ideas and coordinate," he said in a Facebook post. "I hope that we do not put the focus on whether to retreat, but focus on whether the government will talk."
He began a hunger strike on Monday night in a bid to force a new dialogue with the government over political reform, and has been joined by four other student protesters.
Yesterday, he vowed to continue despite Chief Executive Leung Chun Ying rejecting the hunger strikers' call to relaunch talks. The 18-year-old said he felt "dizzy" yesterday. "My sugar level dropped to a low level," he said.
Washington, meanwhile, gave its strongest backing yet to the protesters, calling for "competitive" leadership elections for the semi-autonomous Chinese city.
"The legitimacy of Hong Kong's chief executive will be greatly enhanced if the promise of universal suffrage is fulfilled," the top United States diplomat for Asia, Daniel Russel, told US lawmakers. "This means allowing for a competitive election in which a range of candidates with differing policy approaches are given an opportunity to seek the support of eligible Hong Kong voters."