Elaine Stritch, a husky-voiced actress whose performances over six decades lit up New York's Broadway and London's West End and brought a touch of the profane to the stage with her brassy personality, died on Thursday at age 89.
Stritch, who also had Emmy-winning roles on the television shows 30 Rock and Law & Order, died at home in Birmingham, Michigan, a suburb of her native Detroit, from natural causes, her spokesman said. She had suffered from diabetes for several years and had been in declining health.
She worked with some of the stage's greatest composers - from Noel Coward, who called her Stritchie, to Stephen Sondheim, who wrote what became her signature song, the show-stopping The Ladies Who Lunch, from the 1970 musical Company. Her performances were not the only things that made Stritch a Broadway legend. She could be loud, blunt, demanding and profane. In a May 2013 interview with actor Alec Baldwin, Stritch agreed with his assessment that she was a "legendary pain in the ass". She played the mother of Baldwin's 30 Rock character, TV network boss Jack Donaghy. "I want to be talked about," Stritch told the Hollywood Reporter that same year. "I want to be written about. I want everything about me! And I don't make any bones about that. I like it being all about me."
She was so closely identified with New York that the city's Landmarks Conservancy declared her a living landmark in 2003. In 2013, she said she no longer had the energy required to live in New York and returned to Michigan.
Life in the Detroit suburbs proved to be a tough transition after years of residing in the tony Carlyle Hotel on Manhattan's Upper East Side. Two months after moving, she told Vanity Fair magazine, "I don't have a damn thing to do except take walks in Birmingham, Michigan, and I've done that."
Stritch first went to New York in 1944 at age 17 to attend finishing school. She became caught up in the stage world and studied at Stella Adler's acting school, where Marlon Brando and Walter Matthau were classmates.
Notable Broadway performances included Pal Joey; Bus Stop, which earned her the first of five Tony nominations; and Sail Away. Stritch's voice did not have great range but she brought emotion and impeccable timing to anything she sang.
After Company finished its Broadway run, Stritch took the Sondheim musical to London, where she ended up living for 13 years and married American actor John Bay. He died in 1982 after 10 years of marriage.
Her 2002 one-woman show Elaine Stritch: At Liberty won her a Tony, as well as an Emmy for the version that aired on cable's HBO. Onstage, her costume - a man's white oxford shirt worn over black tights - showed off her dancer's legs.
She was blunt about her struggles with alcohol, talking about how she drank before taking the stage. "I drank because I was scared - of my own ability and my talent," she told the New York Times in 2002. "I knew I had it and I did not know how to get it out. Booze helped me." The Broadway League said it would dim the lights on Broadway on Friday night to honour Stritch.