Expert: The best reformer will win the century

CHINA - Corruption, environmental pollution and widening wealth gap are the side-effects of China's fast economic growth and industrialization over the past 30 years, and these are evidence that reforms in some key areas are overdue.

As long as decision-makers in China can make a good use of three characteristics of China's governance system, reform will become easier.

The governance system in China has able leaders. Many successful policies and practices can first be piloted in a limited way before being rolled out nationwide, so as to better manage the risks. Chinese authorities can respond swiftly to people's appeals.

The difficulties in China's reform today originate from the failures in choosing the fittest people to work in the government, blind promotion of the wrong policies, and not heeding people's complaints.

The Third Plenum of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China presided over by Xi Jinping in November 2013, which laid out about 600 reform plans, initiated the boldest institutional reform in both economic and political fields since 1978.

The reforms reset three important relations in China's political and public life: the relations between central and local governments through tax distribution reform, the relations between laws and Party disciplines through judicial reform, and the relations between the government and the country through government reform.

The newly created special teams on State security and deepening reforms are led by the Party leaders directly. This shows the leadership's courage to face up to the challenges in China's economic restructuring, and its ambition to usher China into a new phase of development in the third 30 years since 1949.

The improvement of the political governance system and overall national rejuvenation are the two key tasks for the next 30 years.

China's comprehensive reform programme is in sharp contrast to the stagnant reform and governance crisis in some Western countries ruled by partisan politics.

China's political system has the genes of reform, which are ingrained in the Party, and a sense of urgency to make life better for the people, who have unswervingly sided with the Party through whatever difficult times in recent history.

China is the only big country in modern world having such a strong centralized political power as the CPC, and this is endorsed by the whole of society. Yet the Party enjoys "political autonomy", a term used by the US political theorist Francis Fukuyama to depict a successful political system.

The Party stems from the grassroots of Chinese society. Unlike the games of interest groups in some Western countries, the Party's detachment from any other interest groups is an important reason for the efficiency of China's reform.

The fast development of China today is, to some extent, similar to the fast industrialization of the United States 100 years ago. Corruption, violence and social problems were serious in the US at that time too, much worse than in China today. But these problems did not stop the US from becoming a superpower.

The US' political system was in its adolescence at that time, as China's political institutions are today. The US' political system has matured, and some might say it is now in decline. China too will experience such a decline if it cannot better itself through reforms.

The resilience, vitality and innovation shown by China in its political adolescence will see the country emerge as a strong power in the 21st Century. The winner of the century is always the best reformer.