30 minutes of exercise is key to health in old age

PARIS - Elderly men who do 30 minutes of physical  activity six days a week are likely to have a 40-per cent lower risk of death  compared to couch-potato counterparts, researchers said Friday.

For men in this age group, just a small amount of regular exercise --  regardless of intensity -- is as beneficial as giving up smoking, they said.

The evidence comes from a major project in Norway called the Oslo Study.

In it, doctors enrolled thousands of men born between 1923 and 1932, who  were given health checkups and volunteered information about their lifestyle  and physical activity.

The initiative was launched in 1972-3 with a first survey among nearly  15,000 men.

In 2000, the survey was repeated among the same group, of whom 12,700 had  survived.

Of these 5,700 were able or willing to continue in the research. By 2011,  deaths reduced this total to just under 3,600.

The researchers were struck by the impact of regular physical exercise  during the 2000-2011 period, when the volunteers were aged in their seventies  or eighties.

"A mortality reduction of 40 per cent was associated with a moderate use of  time (30 minutes, six days a week) irrespective of whether the activity was  light or vigorous," their study said.

Among those who exercised vigorously -- defined as hard training several  times a week -- the lifespan was a whopping five years longer than among those  who were sedentary.

The study, led by Ingar Holme, a professor at the Norwegian School of  Sports Sciences, is published online in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

Volunteers who took part in the study after the relaunch in 2000 were the  healthiest survivors of the original batch, which potentially skews some of the  data.

But even when this is taken into account, the benefits of regular exercise  were clear, the authors said.

"Physical activity should be targeted to the same extent as smoking with  respect to public health prevention efforts in the elderly," they said.