Many workers spend eight hours or more hunched over their desks in the office and risk developing problems. We look at what could go wrong.
Muscles burn less fat and blood flows more sluggishly during a long sit, allowing fatty acids to more easily clog the heart. Prolonged sitting has been linked to high blood pressure and elevated cholesterol.
Idle muscles do not respond as readily to insulin, a hormone needed for energy, so the pancreas produces more and more insulin, which can lead to diabetes and other diseases.
Poor leg circulation
Prolonged sitting slows blood circulation, which causes fluid to pool in the legs. Problems include swollen ankles and varicose veins.
When you are sedentary for a long time, everything slows, including brain function.
Craning your neck forward towards a keyboard or tilting your head to cradle a phone while typing can strain the cervical vertebrae and neck muscles, causing persistent neck soreness.
When you sit for a long time, soft discs between vertebrae are squashed and lose sponginess.
Some studies link sitting for long periods of time to an increased risk of developing colon cancer.
Affects muscles in abdomen, hip and gluteus maximus (back muscle). When muscles in these areas go unused, it results in poor posture, decreased mobility and hurts stability.
Walking and running stimulate hip and lower-body bones to grow thicker and stronger. Recent surge in cases of osteoporosis are partially attributed to lack of activity.
THE RIGHT WAY TO SIT
Top of screen should be eye level.
Should be at the same level as the keyboard.
Should be relaxed and straightened when typing or when using mouse.
Both feet should rest on the floor or on a footrest.
Keep them relaxed when using the keyboard or mouse.
It should not hinder you from moving close to the desk.
Sit on the chair with your lower back fully supported by the backrest.
Adjust the height of chair to achieve proper posture. Maintain 90˚ at the hips and knees.
Give your eyes a break by looking at a distant object regularly.
Interrupt long periods of sitting at regular intervals.
Alternate between tasks that use different muscle groups.
Perform stretching exercises regularly.
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