Research reveals

Research reveals

FRUITS CUT RISK OF HEART ATTACK, STROKE

The old saying "an apple a day keeps the doctor away" now applies to fruits in general.

Having fresh fruits every day actually helps keep heart diseases and stroke at bay, a new study from Oxford University found.

The findings, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, was the result of a seven-year study of half a million adults in China, where having fresh fruits is not as much of a habit as it is in countries like Britain or the United States.

The participants of the study were from 10 urban and rural areas across the country and had no history of heart diseases. They were tracked through death records and electronic hospital records of illness.

CANCER PATIENTS LIVE LONGER IF MARRIED

Being married can boost the chances of survival for cancer patients, says new research.

The study, which analysed data from nearly 800,000 people, also looked at the strength of the effect in patients of different ethnicity.

It was published in the journal Cancer. Researchers from the University of California, San Diego, used figures from the California Cancer Registry to study data from 393,470 men and 389,697 women diagnosed with one of 10 types of cancer between 2000 and 2009 and followed up until the end of 2012.

The results showed the greatest effect was in white patients: bachelors had a 24 per cent higher risk of dying than married men, with the risk for single women 17 per cent higher.

With the number of unmarried adults on the rise, the researchers now need to study why marriage is beneficial - whether it is because the spouses took the patients to appointments, offered support when the latter were depressed, reminded them to take their medication, and so on.

BED BUGS AND COLOURS

Bed bugs seem to have favourite colours, a trait that could be used against them, scientists found.

Researchers from Union College in New York placed bed bugs in petri dishes with different colours and gave each bug 10 minutes to pick a hiding spot.

The colours were then shuffled around to be sure their picks were not based on location within the dish.

According to the work published in the Journal of Medical Entomology, these blood-sucking insects loved black and red but they hated yellow and green.

This is possibly because the bright colours remind them of brightly lit areas that are less safe to hide in, said the researchers.

Past studies have found these two colours are also unattractive to other blood-sucking insects such as mosquitoes and sand flies.

Such information could help trap these insects, but researchers said it is too soon to say if yellow sheets can really stop bed bugs from nesting in your bed.

juditht@sph.com.sg


This article was first published on May 1, 2016.
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