Syndrome X increases risk of heart disease and stroke

The Metabolic Syndrome, also known as the Syndrome X, is a combination of conditions that include elevated fasting blood glucose, dyslipidaemia and central abdominal obesity, all of which increase the risk of heart disease and stroke.

It often occurs in people with central abdominal fat, hypertension, impaired blood sugar levels, low levels of HDL (good cholesterol) and high levels of triglycerides.

The recently released 2011 Malaysian National Health & Morbidity Survey (NHMS IV) revealed alarming increases in the number of those with Syndrome X, indicating drastic rises in diabetes and heart disease compared to the NHMS conducted in previous decades.

This is attributed to changing lifestyles and trends. The irony is the declining state of health among a population that is more affluent, yet less conscious of health matters.

In conjunction with the National Heart Association of Malaysia's Annual Scientific Meeting 2013, three experts, Dr Stanley Liew Choon Fong, Datuk Dr Arthur Tan Teow Hin and Dr Paul Chiam Toon Lim share their views about diabetes, high cholesterol and heart disease, all intricately connected with Syndrome X.