City Harvest appeal: 4 possible scenarios facing Kong Hee and church leaders

Update: A three-judge High Court panel delivered the outcome of the City Harvest Church appeal on Friday morning (April 7), and all six leaders’ jail terms have been reduced to the following:

- Kong Hee: 3 years 6 months instead of 8 years

- Chew Eng Han: 3 years 4 months instead of 6 years

- Tan Ye Peng: 3 years 2 months instead of 5 years 6 months

- Serina Wee: 2 years 6 months instead of 5 years

- John Lam: 1 year 6 months instead of 3 years

- Sharon Tan: 7 months instead of 21 months

SINGAPORE - Acquittal, harsher sentences, lighter sentences or status quo - these are the possible scenarios facing six City Harvest Church leaders on Friday (April 7) morning.

A three-judge High Court panel will deliver its decision on the appeals by the defence against conviction and sentences, and also appeals by the prosecution for harsher punishment.

In November 2015, the six, including church founder Kong Hee, were handed jail terms ranging from 21 months to eight years in the largest case of misuse of charitable funds in Singapore history.

The six were found guilty, after a marathon trial that started in 2013, of misappropriating millions in church funds to fuel the pop music career of Kong's wife, Ms Ho Yeow Sun, in a church mission known as the Crossover Project.

A district court found that they had channelled $24 million from CHC's building fund into sham bonds in music production company Xtron and glass-maker Firna.

This money was in fact used to fund the Crossover Project. Later, another $26 million was used to cover up the initial misdeed.

The prosecution has appealed for longer jail terms for all six: Kong, 52; deputy senior pastor Tan Ye Peng, 44; former finance managers Serina Wee, 40, and Sharon Tan, 41; former finance committee member John Lam, 49; and former fund manager Chew Eng Han, 56.

The six have appealed against their conviction and sentences on varying charges of criminal breach of trust and falsifying accounts.

In September last year, five days were set aside for three judges - Judge of Appeal Chao Hick Tin, and Justices Woo Bih Li and Chan Seng Onn - to hear the appeals.

Given the cross-appeals, a range of possible scenarios can materialise on Friday.

On one end of the spectrum, the six may be acquitted and walk out free men and women if the court agrees with them that no crime has been committed as no wrongful loss was caused to the church.

But they may end up spending a much longer time behind bars, if the court is persuaded by prosecutors that they deserve a harsher punishment for betraying the trust of church members.

Prosecutors have proposed 11 to 12 years' jail for Kong, Tan Ye Peng, Chew and Wee; eight to nine years' jail for Lam; and five to six years' jail for Sharon Tan.

It is also possible for the court to reduce their sentences if it finds that their original sentences were too harsh for what they had done.

Finally, the High Court may uphold the lower court's decision entirely and dismiss all appeals.

Photo: The Straits Times

But even after the verdict is delivered, both sides have further legal recourse in what is known as a criminal reference. The procedure allows either side to bring the case higher by asking the Court of Appeal to make a ruling on a question of law of public interest.

However, the court can decline to make a ruling if it finds that the question submitted is not a question of law of public interest.

This article was first published on April 6, 2017.
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