City Harvest Church trial: Finance manager does not know why she has been charged

SINGAPORE - Responding to a question from the lawyer of another church official who is also on trial, she laughed a little as she said: "With all the understanding that I had all this while, your Honour, honestly I don't know why I have been charged."

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Quizzed by new auditor

By Ng Jun Sen | The New Paper

The plan to use Xtron as a vehicle to buy property was approved by lawyers and auditors, City Harvest Church (CHC) founder Kong Hee had told church members in 2008.

His followers, including CHC finance manager Sharon Tan, believed him.

But a new independent auditor took over for the 2008 audits and strongly objected to the plan, warning the CHC board that the books of Xtron and CHC would be merged if they did not comply by the next financial year.

This was against the church's vision for Xtron, said Tan, who was on the stand yesterday.

The church needed Xtron to remain secular and to negotiate property deals on its behalf as banks and developers would not deal with a religious organisation, she claimed.

Said Tan: "I was very puzzled because I was under the impression that the previous audit partners had blessed the whole structure. "Now we have (a) new engagement partner who totally dislikes the whole arrangement."

The new auditor, Mr Sim Guan Seng, had replaced CHC's previous engagment partner following an internal rotation at accounting firm Baker Tilly, which audited the church's accounts.

Mr Sim's objections to the relationship between Xtron and CHC were brought up yesterday when Tan's defence counsel, Mr Kannan Ramesh, quizzed her on Mr Sim's role.

Mr Sim first met members of CHC's audit committee in a meeting on December 2008, which Tan had also attended.

Said Tan: "During this meeting, I recall that Sim questioned the purpose of the original Xtron bond (of $13 million) and inquired about its convertibility feature... he really doesn't like the bond."

The convertibility feature was part of the bond agreement as it was meant to ensure that the objectives of Xtron were aligned to the church, she had told the court on Monday.

Said Tan then: "If there were any mishaps, the church would be able to convert the bonds to shares of Xtron. This is to prevent Xtron directors from going against the visions and objectives of the church."


She claimed that Mr Sim was opposed to it as it was a form of bond that "required very complex accounting".

He voiced his objections at another audit meeting on April 2009, which was also attended by Tan's co-accused, deputy senior pastor Tan Ye Peng and former board member John Lam.

Both Tan and Lam had tried to explain the relationship between Xtron and CHC, but Mr Sim would not budge.

"Discussions were intense. He told us that no matter what kind of stories Lam and Pastor Tan can give, he was not convinced because both Xtron and CHC are obviously related," she said.

In the end, the message by Mr Sim: Clear the bonds with Xtron by October, or he would consolidate the books of Xtron and CHC. The trial continues today at the State Courts.

Secret code names used in discussions

Property owned by Xtron should be seen as commercial and not linked to religion, said the finance manager of City Harvest Church (CHC) Sharon Tan.

To prevent people from drawing the link between CHC and these places, secrecy was of utmost importance, she added.

So CHC created secret code names and used them in nearly all the discussions among board members to refer to the properties they had wanted Xtron to buy.

Only CHC board members were privy to these names.

Suntec City was referred to as "Palm Oil", said deputy senior pastor Tan Ye Peng in an e-mail to Tan and the rest of the board.

Said the pastor: "Let's not reveal the name of the property and keep it within a very small group of people.

"We are in some serious negotiations now and it ain't over till the fat lady sings."


If the plan to secure Suntec City failed, there were "contingencies".

The land on which Capitol Building sits, at North Bridge Road, was known as "Crude Oil".

There were also plans for the new Singapore Sports Hub at Kallang.

Calling it the "building project", Tan said co-accused Chew Eng Han was the one who led the search for property that the church could use for its services.

By July 2008, CHC had attempted to secure 20 plots of land or property, she said.

They were allegedly in need of a new place quickly as the lease for Expo, where CHC had then held its services, was about to expire.

So when the plan to acquire Suntec City via Xtron "seemed like a real option", the board leapt at the opportunity.

Said Tan: "At the back of board's mind, (the need) to have another new venue was very urgent and important at the time.

"Everybody (on the board) was very excited and was looking forward to every board meeting for updates on Palm Oil."

This article was first published on September 17, 2014.
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