First women to graduate from US special forces Ranger School

WASHINGTON - Two American women will Friday become the first female soldiers to graduate from the elite and hugely demanding Ranger School which feeds the US special forces, the military said.

Graduates of the Ranger School training programme are some of the toughest and most physically fit soldiers in the US Army, and can go on into the 75th Ranger Regiment, an elite special operations force.

But the women will still not be able to serve with the regiment, which has yet to lift its bar on female soldiers, although a number of other special forces units have opened the way for women to serve with them.

The notoriously challenging Ranger School welcomed women for the first time this year, following President Barack Obama's 2013 request that the Pentagon order all branches of the armed forces to open up ground combat roles to women by 2016.

"Congratulations to all of our new Rangers. Each Ranger School graduate has shown the physical and mental toughness to successfully lead organisations at any level," Secretary of the Army John McHugh said Monday.

"This course has proven that every soldier, regardless of gender, can achieve his or her full potential."

Nineteen women began the rigorous 61-day training programme in April but 17 were eliminated.

"We owe soldiers the opportunity to serve successfully in any position where they are qualified and capable, and we continue to look for ways to select, train, and retain the best soldiers to meet our nation's needs," McHugh added.

Half drop out in four days

The intense programme is divided into various phases that test soldiers' physical and mental toughness, some phases of which have to be repeated to pass.

Over half of candidates are weeded out in the first four days of punishing marches, navigation drills and physical fitness tests.

In all, students train some 20 hours per day, most of which is field instruction, with just over three hours set aside for sleep, the US Army association reports.

Students patrol some 200 miles (320 kilometers) and carry up to 90 pounds (40 kilos) of equipment.

The progress of the two women has been closely monitored by the military community, where women in combat is still a divisive issue.

The exclusion of women from combat roles has been cited as a ceiling on female officers preventing them from reaching the highest military ranks where combat experience is considered an indispensable qualification.

Advocates point out that many women have already been exposed to the rigours of combat in foreign conflicts and fared well.

And five previously closed elite units have been opened up recently including the Army Special Operations Command (Airborne), according to the Army Times.

Women make up about 15 per cent of army personnel. Since the decision to open combat positions to women, about 91,000 posts out of some 331,000 previously closed have been opened, according to Defence Department data.

The Army, Marine Corps, Air Force and Navy can still request for women to be barred from specific jobs. The door has yet to be opened for women in infantry combat roles.

Despite the opening up of combat roles to both sexes, military officials said last month that they don't expect huge numbers of women to take up those posts.