MIAMI - Ringling Brothers, America's best-known circus, announced Thursday the death of its youngest elephant at a conservation centre where it is retiring the animals after criticism from rights groups.
Mike, a two-year-old, died of a virus "despite the heroic efforts of our veterinary and animal care staff," Ringling Brothers said in a statement.
Animal rights group Peta said that the elephant's death was "no surprise." Ashley Settles, Ringling's director of veterinary care, said the illness progressed aggressively with Mike beginning to show symptoms on Saturday and dying by Monday.
"No one knows why the virus manifests this way in some elephants, since most elephants harbour the virus and never become ill," she said.
Mike was born in June 2013 at the Ringling conservation centre in Florida and was the youngest elephant there.
Ringling Brothers announced two weeks ago that it was relocating all its elephants by May to the centre, which develops breeding programs and research aimed at the animals' protection.
"Stressful conditions have been linked to the highly fatal disease that killed this calf, which disproportionately impacts captive baby elephants," Rachel Mathews of Peta said.
Peta, which for years has criticised use of elephants in circuses, repeated its call for the company to end its breeding programme and put the animals in "a proper accredited sanctuary."