Investing in sneakers: What factors drive up the resale value?

The sneaker resale market is projected to grow to $6 billion by 2025, with some sneakers are being sold at prices as high as US$50,000 (S$68,000).

Part of the reason sneakers can be so expensive is their rarity - Kanye West's limited edition Yeezy models, for example, sold out in less than 2 hours.

As such, consumers who failed to buy one through the official channels have to resort to resale markets. In turn, this incentivises sneaker investors to place a premium value for the sneakers on the resale market.

Using the popular Yeezy Boost 350 V2 as an index, we analysed the sneaker resale prices to determine other factors that could impact resale prices.

WHAT MAKES YEEZYS SO EXPENSIVE?

Yeezys, particularly the Yeezy Boost 350 V2 models, make for a good resale commodity because they are released regularly at a limited quantity. Additionally, they are hugely popular, making them a "fluid" asset.

In fact, five out of the 10 most commonly resold shoes are Yeezy Boost 350 V2 models.

The research team at ValueChampion collected data from GOAT, a dedicated shoe resale platform with more than 7 million users and nearly US$100 million in investments, and found that the median price of Adidas Yeezy Boost 350 V2 shoes is approximately $470.

Given that the retail value of these shoes is $220, it can be said that the average investor nets US$250 per sale.

Type Price
Retail $220 USD
Median $470 USD
Estimated Profit $250 USD
HIGHER RETURN FOR SMALLER SNEAKERS

We found that there was an inverse correlation with shoe size and price.

In fact, size 14 Yeezy Boost 350 V2 shoes, the largest shoe size sampled in our research, are more than 30 per cent cheaper than their size 6 counterparts.

Given that the average American foot size is 10.5, shoes with size 6 or 14 may be rarer in terms of quantity.

However, smaller sneakers may garner more demand given that they may cater to young adults and women as well, driving up their value.

PHOTO: ValueChampion

HIGHER RETURN FOR OLDER MODELS

Release date also showed a slight correlation with pricing. We noticed that the shoes from 2016, the first year of release, were being sold at the highest median price of $855.

The next most expensive shoes were from the subsequent year, which traded at a median price of $460 for the same size. Interestingly, the difference in price for shoes released in 2018 and 2019 was minimal.

Although Yeezy Boost 350 V2 models have only been in the market for 4 years, it appears that the longer the shoes have been released, the higher value they have.

PHOTO: ValueChampion

PLATFORM FEE

The sort of high fees associated with using resale platforms may be another explanation as to why Yeezy Boost 350 V2s are so expensive.

In return for using the GOAT platform, resellers must pay 3 different platform fees: seller, commission, and cash out fee. After a successful sale, GOAT takes US$5 upfront (US: $5, Canada: $20, Guam: $25, Other: $30).

Then, the platform also takes at least 9.5 per cent of the sale, which increases to a maximum of 25 per cent depending on the seller rating. Lastly, in order to cash out, GOAT charges a fee of 2.9 per cent.

As a result, a $470 sale will net $214.8 on average. Consequently, resellers have to add additional premium on their shoes in order to accommodate the platform fees.

Fees                                     Cost
Seller Fee $5 USD
Commission Fee 9.5%
Cash Out Fee 2.9%
Source: GOAT FAQ

OTHER FACTORS

Supply and demand ultimately determines the price of any commodity. As a result, we advise aspiring sneaker traders to stay up-to-date on industry news.

This way, you can identify limited edition releases, such as celebrity collaborations, which tend to be more exclusive in production and highly sought-after.

Reading sneaker news also helps you gauge interest or so-called "hype" from other people, allowing you to determine the demand, which is not dissimilar to how stock and bond investing works.

Be sure to keep your shoes in pristine condition and in their original boxes as failing to do so will result in smaller return.

Read Also
Investing in sneakers in Singapore: How to flip exclusive sneakers to make profits?
Investing in sneakers in Singapore: How to flip exclusive sneakers to make profits?

When it comes to Yeezys, resellers may want to note that there is a possibility that the shoes will no longer be difficult to obtain, which may lower their value.

In fact, Yeezy Boost 750 in light brown, the first pair of Yeezy shoes, were limited to just 9,000 pairs and as a result, they trade for upwards to $5,990 depending on the size.

However, the number of Yeezy shoeline releases have increased significantly over the years.

For example, there were 10 releases in 2015 compared to 29 releases as of early December this year. This increase is in line with what Kanye West has said about his shoeline: "Just be patient because we'll make more Yeezys.

Eventually, everybody who wants to get Yeezys will get Yeezys." From a reseller's point of view, there is a risk that this abundance of supply may lead to lower returns.

PHOTO: ValueChampion

HOW DOES SINGAPORE'S RESALE MARKET COMPARE TO THE US MARKET?

We found that the Singaporean resale market offered an even higher return based on prices from the popular resale website SAINTS.

For example, the median price of Yeezy Boost 350 V2 in Singapore was $887, which is $538 higher than the retail price of $349.

Given that the net profit in the US is US$250, Singaporean shoe resellers netted $200 more so than their US counterparts.

Type U.S. Singapore
Retail Price $297 SGD $349 SGD
Median Resale Price $635 SGD $887 SGD
Estimated Profit $338 SGD $538 SGD
The prices for Cloud White Non-Reflective, Cloud White Reflective, Citrin Non-Reflective, Citrin Reflective, and Static models were not included as they were not available on SAINTS.

Interestingly, size also affected pricing in Singapore. Like the US, the median price of size 6 shoes was the highest at $965 while that of the size 14 shoes was the lowest at $772.

While the price depreciated as size increased, akin to the US, size 12 shoes were priced at $868, making it the 2nd highest after size 6.

PHOTO: ValueChampion

However, the median prices in Singapore appeared to be more spread out compared to the US. 

For example, the shoes with the oldest release date did have the highest prices; however, the most recent models released in 2019 have the 2nd highest median prices at $881.

Consequently, it can be said that Singapore Yeezy Boost 350 V2 prices may be more prone to trends, seeing how the newest shoes were very high in demand.

PHOTO: ValueChampion

METHODOLOGY

For this study, we collected US prices for size 6, 8, 10, 12, and 14 for all 31 Yeezy Boost 350 V2 models in the market from GOAT.

For Singapore, we collected SGD prices for size 6, 8, 10, 12, and 13 for 26 Yeezy Boost 350 V2 from SAINTS. Do note that these prices are based on perfect condition, boxed shoes.

When comparing prices in the US and Singapore, we used the foreign exchange rate of 1 SGD = 0.74 USD, which was the rate on December 13th.

Unfortunately, there were no size 14 options available on SAINTS so we proceeded to collect the prices for size 13 instead.

Read Also
How Adidas' Yeezy shoe captured the hearts of China's youth
How Adidas' Yeezy shoe captured the hearts of China's youth

Similarly, SAINTS did not sell any Cloud White Non-Reflective, Cloud White Reflective, Citrin Non-Reflective, Citrin Reflective, and Static Non-Reflective models, so the prices for these models are not used in this study.

In terms of the average price mentioned above, ValueChampion chose to use median instead of the average. We did so because there was a significant variation among the prices that ranged from $220 to $1,775.

Lastly, we would like to point out some limitations associated with this study. Since there are only 31 Yeezy Boost 350 V2 models, the numbers mentioned here may not be of statistical significance due to the small sample size.

Additionally, when it comes to release dates, there were only 3 shoes released in the year 2018 compared to 5 in 2016, 6 in 2017, and 17 in 2019, which may skew the data.

As such, this study is best viewed as an overview of the resale ecosystem and not an in-depth research into investment opportunities.

For your information, we've posted our data points below for the two countries:

PRICE POINTS IN THE U.S. BY SIZE AS OF NOV 12 2019 (USD)

Model                                    Size 6 Size 8 Size 10 Size 12 Size 14
Antlia Non-Reflective              $340  $290   $275      $270     $250
Antlia Reflective                      $735  $700   $495      $550     $460
Beluga                                    $885  $895   $815      $840     $650
Beluga 2.0                              $715  $585   $570      $550     $545
Black Non-Reflective              $380  $360   $335      $340     $315
Black Reflective                      $975  $1,090 $900     $690     $655
Black/Copper                          $1,015 $835  $710     $650     $640
Black/Green                            $900    $700  $730     $640     $620
Blue Tint                                  $620    $450  $470     $445     $420
Bred                                        $1,350 $985  $970     $975     $1,500
Butter                                      $395    $290  $285     $270     $260
Citrin Non-Reflective              $320   $260   $240     $240     $220
Citrin Reflective                      $395   $345   $345     $285     $260
Clay                                        $445   $415   $335     $310     $220
Cloud White Non-Reflective   $410   $305   $280     $285     $280
Cloud White Reflective           $510   $495   $435     $385     $305
Cream White                          $450   $300    $315    $275      $400
Glow-in-the-Dark                    $580   $615    $550    $540      $485
Hyperspace                            $600   $500    $470    $480      $370
Lundmark Non-Reflective       $345  $300    $280    $265       $220
Lundmark Reflective               $950  $1,300 $550    $460       $435
Oreo                                        $1,070 $855  $750    $1,095    $890
Red                                        $1,500 $1,230 $1,160 $1,115 $900
Semi Frozen Yellow               $470    $325    $300     $385     $330
Sesame                                 $495    $325    $320     $385     $390
Static Non-Reflective             $500    $420    $390     $360     $470
Static Reflective                     $860    $785    $660     $545     $405
Synth Non-Reflective             $620    $425    $420     $300     $225
Synth Reflective                     $1,770 $880    $1,600  $1,775  $1,000
Trfrm                                       $600    $525    $520     $470     $310
Zebra                                      $560     $450   $445      $450    $510
PRICE POINTS IN SINGAPORE BY SIZE AS OF NOV 12 2019 (SGD)
Model                                       Size 6 Size 8 Size 10 Size 12 Size 13
Antlia Non-Reflective                $602   $538   $540     $531      $511
Antlia Reflective                        $2,100 $1,928 $2,140 $1,217 $1,129
Beluga                                      $979     $855   $805     $855     $868
Beluga 2.0                                $1,204  $1,136 $1,183 $1,302  $1,252
Black Non-Reflective                $912     $907   $939     $881     $743
Black Reflective                        $3,404 $3,765 $3,851 $3,421   $2,457
Black/Copper                            $1,517 $1,062 $1,070 $1,145   $1,128
Black/Green                              $1,385 $1,075 $1,054 $1,090   $1,054
Blue Tint                                   $888    $727    $707    $731      $747
Bred                                          $1,878 $1,550 $1,542 $1,650    $1,517
Butter                                        $647     $526   $516    $537       $562
Clay                                          $802      $750   $630    $574       $511
Cream White                            $701      $515   $507    $557       $573
Glow-in-the-Dark                      $1,200   $1,113 $1,163 $1,096   $931
Hyperspace                              $950      $852    $838   $888       $786
Lundmark Non-Reflective         $645      $595    $559   $511       $497
Lundmark Reflective                 $2,216 $2,448 $2,009 $1,484     $1,267
Oreo                                          $1,381 $1,302 $1,269 $1,236     $1,319
Red                                           $1,963 $1,787 $1,716 $1,582    $1,453
Semi Frozen Yellow                  $885    $565    $540    $620       $664
Sesame                                     $697    $526     $528    $602       $580
Static Non-Reflective                $855    $752     $700    $643       $647
Synth                                        $1,208 $786      $795    $578       $519
Synth Reflective                       $3,333 $2,680    $3,092 $2,095    $1,921
Trfrm                                         $914    $871       $803    $769       $743
Zebra                                        $906     $704      $698    $719       $757

This article was first published in ValueChampion.