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Fixed deposit vs Singapore Savings Bond (SSB) vs Savings Account: Where to put your money?

Fixed deposit vs Singapore Savings Bond (SSB) vs Savings Account: Where to put your money?
PHOTO: Pixabay

Three very low risk instruments available for you to park your hard earned cash — which should you choose? Here’s a look at the current rates and the perks of each option. 

The serious recession, the pandemic and the lowest employment rate in history have emphasised but one very important lesson: That we should have enough savings for rainy days.

Yet, an OCBC survey revealed that 2 in 3 Singaporeans don’t have enough savings to last them 6 months or more, which is indeed worrying. The importance of having an emergency fund to provide that financial safety net in case of an unexpected financial setback is crucial. 

First, a quick overview of three low-risk savings instruments available for you to keep that spare cash.

Fixed Deposit Singapore Savings Bonds (SSB) Savings Account  
Interest rates (December 2020) 0.2 per cent – 1.3 per cent p.a 0.27 per cent – 1.64 per cent p.a. (Average return of of 0.90 per cent p.a. over 10 years) (Returns differs with every month’s issuance) 0.3 per cent to 3.8 per cent p.a.
Tenure/Duration 3 to 36 months Up to 10 years, with higher interest earned in the later years None
Min. deposit amount $1,000 or even $10,000 and more for higher rates $500 Some savings accounts require a min. $1,000 initial deposit, others do not impose a minimum. $1,000 to $3,000 daily average balance required to avoid fall below fee.
Max. deposit amount No cap. Higher amounts tend to earn higher interest. $200,000 per individual No cap. High interest rates do not necessarily apply to all savings amounts.
Liquidity Low – can be withdrawn, but early withdrawal could result in losing interest earned High – can be withdrawn anytime. However, you will not enjoy the higher interest rates earned in the later years. High – can be withdrawn anytime

The interest rates you can earn for these low-risk financial instruments is largely dependent on the current economic environment. As economies around the world battle Covid-19, interest rates are set to remain low, so it would be difficult to earn attractive interest rates on your savings in the near future. 

1. Fixed Deposit

What is it: Fixed deposits (also known as time deposits), earn you guaranteed interest for the money you deposit with the bank over a specified duration. The money in the fixed deposit will earn interest during this fixed period of time, with interest paid out at regular intervals, often quarterly or annually. 

While you can withdraw your money from fixed deposits, if you withdraw before the tenure is up, you will earn less interest or no interest at all. 

Fixed deposits are practically risk-free. But if you’re in any doubt, you’ll be glad to know that your deposits are insured by the Singapore Deposit Insurance Corporation (SDIC), up to $75,000.

Current rates: The current interest rates you can earn from fixed deposits range from 0.3 per cent to 1.5 per cent p.a. Fixed deposit rates tend to change monthly and the interest rate you earn would depend on your deposit amount and tenure.

Tenures can range from one month to four years, with more attractive interest rates being given to tenures of two to three years. 

Here’s a look at the fixed deposit options available in Singapore.

Best fixed deposit rates available for Singapore Dollar deposits (December 2020)
Bank Interest rate Min. deposit amount Tenure
Bank of China 0.7 per cent p.a. Not specified 36 months
CIMB 0.3 per cent p.a. $1,000 (or $100,000 to earn 0.35per cent p.a.) 3 months
Citibank 0.1 per cent p.a. $10,000 6 months
DBS / POSB 1.3 per cent p.a. $1,000  18 months
Hong Leong Finance 0.6 per cent p.a. $20,000 24 months
HSBC 0.35 per cent p.a $30,000 6 months
ICBC 0.75 per cent p.a. (via e-banking)  $500  12 months
Maybank 1 per cent p.a. $1,000 36 months
OCBC 0.45 per cent p.a. $20,000 12 months 
RHB 1 per cent p.a. $1,000 36 months
Standard Chartered 0.45 per cent p.a. (Priority banking preferential rate is 0.55 per cent p.a.) $25,000 3 months
UOB 0.5 per cent p.a. $20,000  10 months

How much can you deposit: 

  • Minimum: Usually $1,000 or $5,000. To enjoy promotional fixed deposit rates offered by banks, you would usually be required to deposit a larger amount, such as $20,000 or more.
  • Maximum: The sky’s the limit. Unlike SSBs, you can deposit as much as you want into fixed deposits. You could also earn higher interest rates for larger deposit amounts. Unlike a savings account, the amount you deposit into the fixed deposit is fixed and you cannot make top ups to the account. You can however, open a separate fixed deposit account. 
Pros Cons
No limit to maximum amount  Low interest rates 
Enforced discipline to help you keep this money untouched, for a large expense, such as a wedding or future downpayment for HDB Low liquidity. You lock in your money for a fixed amount of time, until the fixed deposit reaches maturity.
Flexibility in deciding on the fixed deposit tenure Minimum deposit amount required, sometimes requiring larger amounts to earn higher interest

2. Singapore Savings Bond (SSB)

What is it: SSBs are a type of Singapore Government Securities (SGS) issued and backed by the Singapore government. At issuance, interest rates for the entire 10-year term are fixed and locked in for each issue. This interest rate differs with every month’s issue and is fixed based on the average SGS yields the month before.

SSBs allow you to earn step-up interest on your savings. The interest rate starts low, increasing every year until year 10.

The longer you hold onto your SSB, the more interest you receive. Interest is paid every six months and will be automatically credited into the bank account that is linked to your CDP Securities account. 

Supplementary Retirement Scheme (SRS) investors can also use their SRS funds to invest in SSBs. 

Current rates: As the economy falters and interest rates drop, SSBs have also become less attractive. This month, the average return over 10 years is 0.9per cent p.a., starting from 0.27 per cent in interest in year 1 and ending with 1.64per cent in year 10. 

To find the latest rates for this months’ SSB, go to the MAS website here

The interest rates of Singapore Savings Bonds (SSB) have gone down significantly over the past few months.

Looking back at better times, in the July 2019 issuance, SSB interest rates were 1.93 per cent in year 1 and went up to 2.55 per cent in year 10, giving an average return of 2.16 per cent p.a. You can find the interest rates of past SSB issuances here

How much can you deposit: 

  • Minimum: The minimum amount is $500. Each SSB purchase also has to be in multiples of $500. A non-refundable $2 transaction fee will be charged by banks for each application and redemption request.
  • Maximum: Each individual can have a maximum of $200,000 in SSBs. 
Pros Cons
Risk free, fully backed by the government of Singapore.  Low interest rates, with higher interest rates only earned towards the end of the 10 years
Low minimum amount of $500 required  Up to $200,000 per individual 
High liquidity. You can withdraw your money at any time, with no penalties. You will, however, lose out on the higher interest rates in the later years. SSB interest rates change every month for every issuance
Can use your SRS funds to purchase SSBs Transaction fee of $2 charged for each application and redemption request

To buy SSBs, you can apply through DBS/POSB, OCBC and UOB ATMs or internet banking. SRS investors can apply through their SRS operator’s internet banking.

3. Savings Account 

What is it: Savings accounts allow you to earn interest on the money you keep in the account. With yields of up to 4 per cent p.a., how much interest you earn depends on the conditions of the savings account. 

Some savings accounts such as the CIMB FastSaver, do not set any conditions to earn interest, apart from you keeping your money in the account. Other accounts, such as the DBS Multiplier, OCBC 360 and UOB One, make you work for your money.

These high-yield savings accounts have ‘level-up criteria’ such as crediting your salary, spending on one of the bank’s credit card, start investing, take up a loan and more to earn higher interest rates.

Current rates: Savings accounts have more unpredictability. Over the past few months, Standard Chartered, CIMB, OCBC and UOB all announced changes to the interest rates of their savings accounts.

Unlike fixed deposits or SSBs where the interest rate you earn over the months and years is stated clearly from the start, savings accounts can see changes on a short notice. 

Here’s an overview of the interest rates you can potentially get with the various banks in Singapore. Do keep in mind that many of these savings accounts require you to jump through hoops to earn higher interest. 

Savings account Interest rate
Bank of China SmartSaver Up to 3 per cent p.a.
CIMB FastSaver Up to 0.75 per cent p.a.
Citi MaxiGain Savings Account Up to 0.61 per cent p.a.
Citi Wealth First Account Up to 2.80 per cent p.a.
DBS Multiplier Up to 3.8 per cent p.a.
Maybank SaveUp Account Up to 3 per cent p.a.
OCBC 360 Up to 2.68 per cent p.a.
RHB High Yield Savings Account Up to 1 per cent p.a.
Standard Chartered Bonus$aver Up to 2.6 per cent p.a.
Standard Chartered JumpStart Up to 1 per cent p.a.
UOB One Up to 2.5 per cent p.a.

How much can you deposit: 

  • Minimum: Opening an account requires an initial deposit of $1,000. There is usually a fall below fee of $2 or $5 if the average daily balance falls below $3,000. 
  • Maximum: While there is no maximum to the amount of cash you can keep in your savings account, most of these savings accounts limit the amount of savings that will earn high interest rates. 
Pros Cons
Highest interest rates amongst the three options Have to jump through hoops to earn higher interest
High liquidity. Money can be put in and taken out anytime. Interest rates subject to change anytime, although banks tend to give a few weeks notice before the change
No minimum period required to earn interest. You earn interest every day the money is in the account.  Could incur fall below fees or early account closure fees

The current economic landscape and low interest rate environment have resulted in the cutting of interest rates for many savings accounts, similar to how fixed deposits and SSBs are seeing lower interest rates.

Besides putting your spare cash into these instruments, you can also consider insurance savings plans that offer more attractive returns, or start investing your money to grow your wealth. 

This article was first published in content is displayed for general information purposes only and does not constitute professional financial advice.

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