Aceh orders all female flight crews landing in the region to wear hijab

An Indonesian pilot(2nd-R) and flight attendants arrive at the Sultan Iskandarmuda international airport in Aceh on January 30, 2018.

BANDA ACEH, Indonesia - The Indonesian province said Tuesday that it is ordering Muslim female flight attendants landing in the region to don a hijab upon arrival - or face punishment by religious police.

Muslim women in Aceh, on the island of Sumatra, are required to wear the Islamic headscarf under religious law, while non-Muslim females can opt to wear modest clothing instead.

But some Muslim flight attendants who do not regularly wear the hijab were skipping the local practice during short layovers, forcing Aceh to issue the new regulations, said Mawardy Ali, head of Aceh Besar district, which includes provincial capital Banda Aceh.

"I hope the airlines respect the uniqueness of Aceh where Sharia law is implemented," he told AFP, adding that he would aim to meet with some half a dozen affected airlines this week.

"We are disseminating this regulation to the airlines through the end of this week. Later, we'll talk about punishment if we find there have been violations," Ali added.

"If a (Muslim) crew member fails to comply, we will reprimand her. If she does it repeatedly, I will order Sharia police to nab her."

He did not say what sort of punishment would apply to those who refused to comply, though hijab violations usually result in a stern reprimand.

Ali said any sanction would not include public flogging - a common punishment in Aceh for a host of crimes including selling alcohol and having gay sex.

It was unclear how many flight attendants could be affected.

Many women in Indonesia, the world's biggest Muslim-majority nation, do not wear the hair-covering scarf and Islamic law only applies in Aceh - the region won special autonomy in 2001 as part of a deal to end a long-running separatist insurgency.

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  • Two Malaysian ruling-party lawmakers have chided homegrown airlines AirAsia and Firefly for dressing their stewardesses in uniforms that are “too revealing”.
  • Senator Abdullah Mat Yasim, a division chief of the ruling Umno party, said in Parliament the fitted attire of AirAsia’s and Firefly’s female flight attendants can “arouse passengers”.
  • The “eye-catching outfits” also do not reflect the status of Islam as the official religion of Malaysia, Mr Abdullah added.
  • His view was supported by Senator Megat Zulkarnain Omardin, who suggested that the airlines redesign the uniforms.
  • “My wife is worried whenever I fly alone on Malindo or AirAsia,” Megat, who is also general-secretary of the Malaysian National Silat Federation, quipped.
  • Mr Abdullah said the flight attendant uniforms of Malindo Air, a Malaysian-Indonesian budget carrier, were “acceptable”, NST reported.
  • Mr Abdullah said the flight attendant uniforms of Malindo Air, a Malaysian-Indonesian budget carrier, were “acceptable”, NST reported.
  • Mr Abdullah said the flight attendant uniforms of Malindo Air, a Malaysian-Indonesian budget carrier, were “acceptable”, NST reported.
  • The uniforms are also body hugging but at least the “sensitive areas” are covered, he was quoted as saying.
  • Mr Abdullah was praised by the assembly’s deputy president Abdul Halim Abd Samad for highlighting the issue.
  • “This is a good topic that many people can relate to as they always take flights,” he said.
  • It was the second time in two weeks that the uniforms of flight attendants have been spotlighted in the Upper House or Senate.
  • Last week, Senator Hanafi Mamat from Kelantan said attendants should wear “syariah-compliant” uniforms as Malaysia is an Islamic country.

Concern has been growing among rights activists about rising religious conservatism in Aceh, where police at the weekend forcibly cut the hair of a group of transgender women and made them wear male clothing to make them more "manly".

Indonesia's national carrier Garuda and its low-cost arm Citilink service Banda Aceh, which hosts the province's main airport.

Garuda said it would comply with the new regulations and may add a special uniform worn by its female staff on Middle-East bound flights - which includes the hijab - to Aceh flights.

"Garuda respects the local culture in Aceh," said company spokesman Ikhsan Rosan.

Citilink spokesman Benny Butarbutar, meanwhile, said the carrier has already been using an Islamic-compliant uniform for its attendants servicing Banda Aceh since 2015.

Other airlines affected include Indonesian budget carrier Lion Air and its full-service subsidiary Batik Air, which operate regular flights between Aceh and other parts of the Southeast Asian archipelago.

AirAsia and Firefly, both Malaysia-based, are the main foreign carriers that operate flights to Banda Aceh.